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Religion could influence the psychopathology, treatment-seeking behavior, and treatment outcome in schizophrenia, but the associations between these factors have never been explored thoroughly, and the data in Han-Chinese society are scarcer still. The current study recruited 55 schizophrenic patients to explore the relationship between religion,(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe associations between eating behaviors, dietary intake, physical activity, attitudes toward diet and health, sociodemographic variables and body mass index (BMI) among women and children, and differences by household income. DESIGN Data from the 1994-1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII) and the Diet and Health(More)
High occupational stress and burnout among physicians can lead to sleep problems, anxiety, depression, and even suicide. Even so, the actual risk for these behavioral health problems in health care-seeking physicians has been seldom explored. The aim of this study was to determine whether physicians have higher odds of treated insomnia, anxiety, and(More)
PURPOSE To explore the association between bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) and the risk of subsequent healthcare-seeking behavior for common mental disorders in Taiwan using a population-based administrative database. MATERIALS AND METHODS Both BPS/IC subjects and their age- and sex-matched non-BPS/IC control subjects who had no(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge of depression-related disturbances in cognitive functioning is advancing, but little is known about the cognitive response to treatment for major depression, especially in younger adults. This study investigated the deficits in multiple cognitive domains in middle-aged patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), using a prospective(More)
OBJECTIVES We used insurance claims of a nationally representative population-based cohort to assess the longitudinal treated prevalence and incidence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, adolescents and adults. METHODS Participants were identified from among National Health Insurance enrollees in Taiwan from 1999 to 2005. We(More)
This study assessed facial emotion recognition abilities in subjects with paranoid and non-paranoid schizophrenia (NPS) using signal detection theory. We explore the differential deficits in facial emotion recognition in 44 paranoid patients with schizophrenia (PS) and 30 non-paranoid patients with schizophrenia (NPS), compared to 80 healthy controls. We(More)
AIMS This study aimed to determine the patterns of medical service utilization among heroin users and to identify the factors associated with the frequency of utilization. METHODS We conducted a retrospective/prospective cohort study of 789 heroin-using adults in a catchment area, collecting data on their usage of medical care, including inpatient care,(More)
Data concerning factors associated with mortality among heroin users under methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in the Han Chinese population are limited. This study examined mortality risk among heroin users after seeking treatment with methadone in a catchment area using a cohort of 1616 Taiwanese heroin users between October 2006 and December 2008.(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE To compare the efficacy and safety profile between intramuscular (IM) olanzapine and IM haloperidol plus IM lorazepam in acute schizophrenic patients with moderate to severe agitation. METHODS This was a prospective, randomized, open-label study. Acutely agitated patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (n = 67) were(More)