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PURPOSE The multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor sorafenib is used for the treatment of advanced-stage renal cell carcinoma. However, the safety and efficacy of this agent have yet to be evaluated in the preoperative period, where there may be potential advantages including tumor downstaging. This prospective trial evaluates the safety and feasibility of(More)
The mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) inhibitor, everolimus, affects tumor growth by targeting cellular metabolic proliferation pathways and delays renal cell carcinoma (RCC) progression. Preclinical evidence suggests that baseline elevated tumor glucose metabolism as quantified by FDG-PET ([(18)F] fluorodeoxy-glucose positron emission tomography) may(More)
The therapeutic landscape for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has changed drastically over the past several years with the emergence of molecularly targeted therapies. With previous prognostic and predictive tools based on studies of patients treated with cytokine therapies, confirmation of these prior methods and discovery of new markers in this new era of(More)
Sequential use of targeted therapies is a common practice in the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) that extends disease control beyond the benefit of single therapies. After disease progression on one agent, treatment with a second targeted agent as subsequent-line therapy provides disease control and additional progression-free survival. The(More)
For decades, no cancer therapy had been shown to improve average survival in metastatic melanoma. Two critical events have occurred, the discovery of melanoma driver mutation subsets and the discovery of immune checkpoint inhibitors, which have allowed for the development of modern, effective therapies. These findings have facilitated a rapid emergence of(More)
Somatic BRAF mutations have been reported in 1-4% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), primarily in adenocarcinomas with the BRAF (V600E) mutation in about 50% of the cases. The role of BRAF mutation in NSCLC and the treatment for tumors with such mutations is still evolving. Our patient had metastatic NSCLC with metastases to her brain. Due to the BRAF(More)
BACKGROUND Bevacizumab and sunitinib are standard initial therapy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Despite common use, the safety and activity of sorafenib in bevacizumab- or sunitinib-refractory mRCC have not been prospectively investigated. METHODS Metastatic RCC patients with Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)-defined(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to collect preliminary data on the predictive value of pretherapy 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in primary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients undergoing neoadjuvant therapy with sorafenib. METHODS As part of a clinical trial to assess the safety and feasibility of using neoadjuvant sorafenib(More)
OBJECTIVE To further investigate the effect of sunitinib, which is currently a standard of care for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), in patients with severe renal impairment or those undergoing dialysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS Clinical databases were used to identify all patients with mRCC treated with sunitinib in seven institutions(More)
With the recent approval of pazopanib, an oral multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor which potently targets vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1-3, platelet-derived growth factor, and c-kit, six agents are now available for use in the management of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Pazopanib has shown improved progression-free survival(More)