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Goals • Uniform programmatic interface to both persistent and transient data • Object access speed for persistent data equal to (in-memory) pointer dereferencing to transient data Close integration with Programming Language • Choose C++: popular language in targeted applications (CAx, GIS) • Adding persistence to C++ • Persistence is not part of the type of(More)
Vertebrate gustatory systems include a tertiary ascending pathway from a secondary gustatory nucleus in the hindbrain to several forebrain nuclei. This connection is prominent in catfish, corresponding to their highly developed sense of taste. Iontophoretic injections of horseradish peroxidase were used to identify the specific target nuclei of the tertiary(More)
The present study tests the effects of gustatory quality on feeding behaviors exhibited by goldfish. Goldfish were trained to feed on gelatin pellets, then tested with pellets containing potentially aversive taste stimuli (quinine or caffeine), or mixtures of aversive and appetitive components (amino acids or food). Goldfish feeding includes: initial intake(More)
Many teleosts possess an enlargement of the ventral diencephalon called the inferior lobe. In ostariophysine species (e.g., carps and catfishes), this region receives ascending fibers from the primary and secondary gustatory centers in the hindbrain. Extracellular unit activity was recorded from identified nuclei in the inferior lobe of the channel catfish(More)
The second gustatory nucleus of teleost fishes receives ascending fibers from the primary gustatory center in the medulla and sends efferent fibers to several nuclei in the inferior lobe of the diencephalon. Similar to the corresponding parabrachial nucleus in birds and mammals, the secondary gustatory nucleus of catfish consists of several(More)
Five days prior to first exogenous feeding, amino acid stimuli released reflexive biting/snapping behavior in alevins of both rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis). The biting/snapping responses of salmonid larvae, which obtain nutrients solely from their yolk sacs, were videotaped during presentations of amino acids(More)
Neurons within the superior secondary gustatory nucleus (nGS) of the channel catfish were examined electrophysiologically for responses to mechanical and chemical stimulation of neural peripheral receptive fields (RFs). Of the 28 single units sampled, 18 had mechanosensory RFs on the extraoral epithelium, two had RFs within the oropharyngeal cavity, and(More)
Residential neighbourhood designs with street patterns based upon hexagonal blocks were proposed by several planners in the early 20th century. Urban designers such as Charles Lamb, Noulan Cauchon and Barry Parker demonstrated the economic advantages and ef® cient land use generated by hexagonal plans. By 1930, hexagonal planning was a leading theoretical(More)