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Changes with age in the voluntary static and dynamic strength of the quadriceps muscle group have been well characterized, and the importance of the muscle group for locomotion and independent living have been highlighted in both normal human aging and in clinical studies. Surprisingly few studies of this muscle group have described age-related changes in(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the loss of muscle strength in the elderly could be explained entirely by a decline in the physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) of muscle. Isometric force, muscle activation (twitch interpolation), and coactivation (surface electromyograph) were measured during maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs) of(More)
The rate of motor unit (MU) loss and its influence on the progression of sarcopenia is not well understood. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to estimate and compare numbers of MUs in the tibialis anterior (TA) of young men ( approximately 25 years) and two groups of older men ( approximately 65 years and >/=80 years). Decomposition-enhanced(More)
The effects of aging on motoneuron firing rates and muscle contractile properties were studied in tibialis anterior muscle by comparing results from six young (20.8 +/- 0.8 yr) and six old men (82.0 +/- 1.7 yr). For each subject, data were collected from repeated tests over a 2-wk period. Contractile tests included maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) with(More)
The 60-min recovery profiles of voluntary and electrically stimulated force, contractile speed, surface electromyography, muscle activation via twitch interpolation, and muscle compound action potentials (M-waves) in the elbow flexors of seven young men (24 +/- 2 years) and seven men over 80 years of age (84 +/- 2 years) were compared following intermittent(More)
UNLABELLED A contributing factor to the loss of muscle mass and strength with adult aging is the reduction in the number of functioning motor units (MUs). Recently, we reported that lifelong competitive runners (master runners = ~66 yr) had greater numbers of MUs in a leg muscle (tibialis anterior) than age-matched recreationally active controls. This(More)
AIM Healthy adult ageing of the human neuromuscular system is comprised of changes that include atrophy, weakness and slowed movements with reduced spinal motor neurone output expressed by lower motor unit discharge rates (MUDRs). The latter observation has been obtained mostly from hand and lower limb muscles. The purpose was to determine the extent to(More)
Five computed tomography (CT) scans were taken at measured intervals of the legs and arms of young (n = 7) and elderly (n = 13) men. Cross-sectional areas (CSA) of the total limb, muscle plus bone and bone were measured in each scan, and skin plus subcutaneous tissue areas were calculated by subtraction. In addition, in the arm scans the CSA of the extensor(More)
Muscle power is more functionally relevant than static muscle strength, particularly with aging. However, the effect of age on power derived from isotonic contractions has been studied sparingly, and it has not been studied at all in subjects >75 yr of age. Thus the purpose was to investigate the magnitude and causes of age-related losses in isotonic power(More)