Charles L. Bormann

Learn More
The aim of in vitro embryo systems is to produce embryos of comparable quality to those derived in vivo. Comparison of embryo metabolism as an indicator of viability may be useful in optimization of culture conditions. The aim of the present study was to determine glucose, glutamine and pyruvate use by various stage pig embryos produced in vitro and in(More)
Glutathione (GSH) content in mature porcine oocytes is correlated with subsequent fertilization and developmental success. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is an important energy source for maintaining cellular activities and protein synthesis. The objective of this study was to compare GSH and ATP concentrations of in vivo and in vitro matured porcine oocytes.(More)
Porcine embryo development in vitro is relatively inefficient compared to other domestic species. Currently, a single culture medium (NCSU23) is the standard for porcine in vitro systems. However, the G1.2/G2.2 sequential culture system has been beneficial for embryo development in other species. The objective of this study was to compare porcine(More)
To date, the laboratory mouse is the only mammal in which freeze-dried spermatozoa have been shown to support full-term development after microinjection into oocytes. Because spermatozoa in mice, unlike in most other mammals, do not contribute centrosomes to zygotes, it is still unknown whether freeze-dried spermatozoa in other mammals are fertile. Rabbit(More)
BACKGROUND Despite advances in in vitro manipulation of preimplantation embryos, there is still a reduction in the quality of embryos produced leading to lower pregnancy rates compared with embryos produced in vivo. We hypothesized that a dynamic microfunnel embryo culture system would enhance outcomes by better mimicking the fluid-mechanical and(More)
Effective activation protocols that can be used during nuclear transfer investigations in goats need to be developed. We compared the development of IVF goat embryos with those of nonfertilized parthogenetically developing oocytes activated by treatment with either ionomycin or ethanol, both followed by immediate exposure to 6-diethylaminopurine (6-DMAP).(More)
Only a small proportion of goat oocytes selected for in vitro oocyte maturation (IVM) can successfully complete cytoplasmic maturation and support embryonic development. To produce goat blastocysts more efficiently in vitro, it is necessary to identify factors required during oocyte maturation. The objective of this study was to determine the role of(More)
The technology is now available for commercial cloning of farm animals for food production, but is the food safe for consumers? Here, we provide data on >100 parameters that compare the composition of meat and milk from beef and dairy cattle derived from cloning to those of genetic- and breed-matched control animals from conventional reproduction. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of semen storage and separation techniques on sperm DNA fragmentation. DESIGN Controlled clinical study. SETTING An assisted reproductive technology laboratory. PATIENT(S) Thirty normoozospermic semen samples obtained from patients undergoing infertility evaluation. INTERVENTION(S) One aliquot from each sample was(More)
Morphological evaluation is currently considered the single most important predictive measure for assessing embryo quality. The aim of this study was to investigate whether cycles with at least one non-cleaved embryo (i.e., a 1-cell embryo on day 3) have different outcomes compared with cycles in which all embryos had cleaved by day 3. All autologous(More)