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Healthy young people may become syncopal during standing, head up tilt (HUT) or lower body negative pressure (LBNP). To evaluate why this happens we measured hormonal indices of autonomic activity along with arterial pressure (AP), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), total peripheral resistance (TPR) and measures of plasma volume.(More)
Respiration influences heart rate variability, leading to the suggestion that respiration should be controlled to assess autonomic function by using heart rate variability. Clearly, control of respiration is advantageous or even essential in several experimental circumstances. However, control of respiration, by itself, produces a small, but significant,(More)
The autonomic nervous system drives variability in heart rate, vascular tone, cardiac ejection, and arterial pressure, but gender differences in autonomic regulation of the latter three parameters are not well documented. In addition to mean values, we used spectral analysis to calculate variability in arterial pressure, heart rate (R-R interval, RRI),(More)
INTRODUCTION Exposure to spaceflight or simulations of microgravity reduce human postflight orthostatic tolerance. Exercise training and volume loading can reduce associated losses of plasma volume and muscle strength, but are not successful in maintaining postflight orthostatic tolerance. A preliminary study (16) indicated that short bouts of artificial(More)
The effects of endurance training on vascular responsiveness to an alpha 1-agonist and the associated changes in baroreflex modulation of heart rate and vascular resistance were studied. Graded dosages of phenylephrine were given to eight treadmill-trained dogs and to eight untrained dogs; both groups were chronically instrumented and were sedated and(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of alterations in preload induced by lower body negative pressure on Doppler transmitral filling patterns. Echocardiograms and Doppler recordings were performed in 18 normal young men (aged 23 to 32 years) during various levels of lower body negative pressure (0, -20 and -50 mm Hg). Lower body negative(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that plasma galanin concentration (pGal) is regularly increased in healthy humans with extensive orthostatic stress. Twenty-six test persons (14 men, 12 women) were brought to an orthostatic end point via a progressive cardiovascular stress (PCS) protocol consisting of 70 degrees head-up tilt plus(More)
The sensitivity of selected cardiovascular (CV) responses to the physical stressor of External whole-body oscillating Acceleration Synchronized with the Electrocardiogram (EASE) was analyzed in 8 chronically instrumented tranquilized dogs. A sinusoidal acceleration wave form was imposed on the supine animals along the spinal (+/- Gz) axis at a constant(More)
Variations in respiratory pattern influence the heart rate spectrum. It has been suggested, hence, that metronomic respiration should be used to correctly assess vagal modulation of heart rate by using spectral analysis. On the other hand, breathing to a metronome has been reported to increase heart rate spectral power in the high- or respiratory frequency(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a novel, intraluminally deployed anastomotic device (AD). A survival study was conducted in 18 farm pigs. One early subject was excluded and replaced due to premature expiration. Six animals were placed in 1 of 3 cohorts, with euthanasia and AD explantation planned at 2, 4, and 6 weeks. A distal small intestinal(More)