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Two experiments assessed subjective and hormonal effects of smoking cigarettes with three different nicotine deliveries. In experiment 1, 12 males smoked two cigarettes on three different occasions: (1) nicotine-free; (2) their own brand (1.0 mg FTC-estimated nicotine delivery); or (3) 2.4 mg FTC nicotine cigarettes. In experiment 2, 12 males smoked(More)
Using a two-bottle choice paradigm, adult C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice (11 males an 10 females per strain) were given access to tapwater and an ascending series of concentrations of ethanol, nicotine, amphetamine, and th artificial sweetener, aspartame. The C57 mice consumed more ethanol, nicotine, and amphetamine, and showed greater preferences for these(More)
Male Sprague Dawley rats were tested for open field ambulation and rearing, and for wheelrunning, following repeated injections of either caffeine or nicotine, given according to a Latin Square design. Caffeine enhanced ambulation and rearing at 5 and 15 mg/kg, IP, and increased wheelrunning with 15 and 45 mg/kg. Nicotine (0.63 mg/kg) also enhanced(More)
There is strong evidence supporting the deleterious effects of aging on learning and memory and behavioral parameters in normal mice. However, little is known about the Ames dwarf mouse, which has a Prop-1 gene mutation resulting in deficiencies in growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and prolactin. These mice are much smaller and live significantly(More)
Among homeothermic animals, larger species generally have lower metabolic rates and live longer than do smaller species. Because Ames dwarf mice (dwarfs) live approximately 1 year longer than their larger normal sex- and age-matched siblings (normals), we hypothesized that they would have lower body core temperature (Tco). We, therefore, measured Tco of six(More)
Male Sprague-Dawley reats were trained to bar press for food reinforcement on an FI-300 sec schedule. Ketamine (7.5 mg/kg, IP) significantly increased response rates of both drug-naive and drug-experienced rats for the first 10 min after injection. With a 15.0 mg/kg dose of ketamine, response rates decreased significantly during the first 10 min after(More)
College students (12 female, 12 male) were assigned to either higher caffeine user (HCU) or lower caffeine user (LCU) groups based on a caffeine usage survey. Prior to testing, subjects ingested either placebo or 195 or 325 mg caffeine. They then performed a visual vigilance task measuring response blocks, discrete responses (hits and false alarms),(More)
Changes in task-related mood and physiology associated with 31 days of smoking abstinence were assessed in smokers, 34 of whom were randomly assigned to a quit group and 22 to a continuing-to-smoke control group. A large financial incentive for smoking abstinence resulted in very low participant attrition. Individuals were tested during prequit baselines(More)
In the first experiment a conditioned taste aversion paradigm was used to characterize a dose-response curve for the aversive properties of nicotine in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Doses of nicotine ranging from 0.01 to 0.46 mg/kg, 2.0 ml of 0.47 M lithium chloride, or saline were injected, ip, 10 min after exposure to a novel saccharin solution. Amount of(More)