Charles J . Homcy

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Crystallographic studies have elucidated the binding mechanism of forskolin and P-site inhibitors to adenylyl cyclase. Accordingly, computer-assisted drug design has enabled us to identify isoform-selective regulators of adenylyl cyclase. After examining more than 200 newly synthesized derivatives of forskolin, we found that the modification at the(More)
The changing relationship between stimuli and responses after prolonged receptor stimulation is a general feature of hormonal signaling systems, termed desensitization. This phenomenon has been best exemplified in the covalent modification of the G protein-linked catecholamine receptors. However, other components within this signaling pathway can be(More)
Recently, we developed a transgenic mouse with cardiac-specific Gsalpha overexpression (TG mouse), which exhibits enhanced postsynaptic beta-adrenergic receptor signaling, ultimately developing a cardiomyopathy. The goal of the present study was to determine whether cardiac Gsalpha overexpression alters autonomic cardiovascular control, which could shed(More)
A novel adenylylcyclase cDNA (type V) was isolated from a canine heart cDNA library. Northern blotting indicates that the expression of this message is most abundant in heart with a lesser amount in brain but is absent in a variety of other tissues including lung, kidney, skeletal muscle, lymphocyte, and testis. The putative protein product predicted from(More)
alpha 2-Adrenergic receptors (alpha 2-AR) exist as subtypes that are expressed in a tissue-specific manner and differ in 1) their ligand recognition properties, 2) their extent of receptor protein glycosylation, and possible 3) their mechanism of signal transduction. Genomic or cDNA clones encoding three receptor subtypes have been characterized; however,(More)
A sixth member of the mammalian adenylyl cyclase family has been isolated from a canine cardiac cDNA library. This isoform is more highly homologous to type V than to the other adenylyl cyclase types; sequence similarity is apparent even in the transmembrane regions where the greatest divergence among the types exists. Type VI mRNA expression is most(More)
Transgenic (TG) mice with cardiac G(salpha) overexpression exhibit enhanced inotropic and chronotropic responses to sympathetic stimulation, but develop cardiomyopathy with age. We tested the hypothesis that cardiomyopathy in TG mice with G(salpha) overexpression could be averted with chronic beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) blockade. TG mice and(More)
Several species of mRNA have been shown to encode the alpha subunit of the stimulatory GTP-binding regulatory protein, Gs alpha. The various Gs alpha mRNAs are generated through alternative splicing of a single precursor RNA and through the use of alternative acceptor splice sites. We now report the existence of a Gs alpha mRNA that uses a previously(More)
Cyclic AMP production within cells is altered upon protein kinase C (PKC) activation; however, whether PKC directly modulates adenylyl cyclase (AC) catalytic activity has been controversial. Molecular studies have elucidated the existence of multiple PKC isoenzymes although the functional role of this diversity is not clear. Using purified PKC and AC(More)
We quantitated the presence of intracellular oxidizing species in response to oxidative stimuli using fluorescent cell analytic techniques. The studies were performed with a laser-activated flow cytometry system using 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFDA) as a probe for intracellular oxidation events. Oxygen radical formation was initiated by the(More)