Charles J Hackett

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The functional helper T cell line Vir-2, derived from a PR8 (H1N1) influenza virus-immunized BALB/c mouse, proliferates in response to syngeneic antigen-presenting cells and naturally occurring strains of subtype H1 human influenza virus from 1934-1957 and 1977-1980 isolates. A conserved region of the hemagglutinin molecule around amino acid position 115 in(More)
Anecdotal case reports and uncontrolled observational studies in the medical literature claim that vaccines cause chronic diseases such as asthma, multiple sclerosis, chronic arthritis, and diabetes. Several biological mechanisms have been proposed to explain how vaccines might cause allergic or autoimmune diseases. For example, allergic diseases might be(More)
Immune-neural interactions dictate both lesion formation and repair in multiple sclerosis (MS). MS pathogenesis is mediated by the interplay of invading immune cells, neurons, glia, and endogenous stores of neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs). However, the signals important in this cross-talk are not well defined. We utilized a co-culture method and flow(More)
Viral protein synthesis within host cells exerts a major influence upon T cell responses to influenza virus (1-4). In general, class I MHC-restricted recognition is favored by occurrence of viral biosynthesis while class II-restricted responses to the same protein can be elicited by inert virions. The composition of T cell populations can be influenced by(More)
Monoclonal antibody to type-A influenza virus matrix (M)-protein was used to quantitate the appearance of M-protein on abortively infected P815 cells. After 16 h of infection with different type-A viruses, only a low amount of M-protein appears on the surface of infected cells (approximately 10(3) site/cell) in contrast to approximately 10(5) hemagglutinin(More)
Vaccines have led to some of the greatest public health achievements in history, including the worldwide eradication of naturally occurring smallpox and the near eradication of polio. In addition, vaccines have contributed to significant reduction in the disease burden imposed by measles, mumps, hepatitis, influenza, diphtheria, and many other infections.(More)
of the great storehouse of material remaining from populations such as the ancient Egyptians. Many thousands of skeletons survive as well. The dividing line between mummy and skeleton is not sharp. Most mummies are poorly preserved, often consisting almost wholly of skeletal material inside the wrappings. Similarly, dry desert environments frequently(More)
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