Charles J. Czuprynski

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Johne's disease is characterized by a chronic enteritis that results in granulomatous inflammation, cachexia, and eventual death of cattle infected with Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. The cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 (IL-1), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) have been associated with granuloma formation and wasting in other(More)
We have examined the in vitro effects of two recombinant human monokines, interleukin-1 alpha (rHuIL-1 alpha) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (rHuTNF alpha), on bovine neutrophil functions. Both rHuIL-1 alpha (10 to 1,000 ng/ml) and rHuTNF alpha (5 to 50 ng/ml) directly stimulated the oxidative burst of bovine neutrophils as measured by Luminol-dependent(More)
We have previously used CYP1B1-null mice to demonstrate that dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) requires CYP1B1 for bone marrow (BM) toxicity. Benzo(a)pyrene (BP), a much more potent Ah receptor ligand, shows very different responses that nevertheless depend on CYP1B1. Wild-type (AhR(b)) mice treated with DMBA for 48 h exhibit a large loss in BM cellularity(More)
Haemophilus somnus causes pneumonia, reproductive failure, infectious myocarditis, thrombotic meningoencephalitis, and other diseases in cattle. Although vasculitis is commonly seen as a result of systemic H. somnus infections, the pathogenesis of vascular damage is poorly characterized. In this study, we demonstrated that H. somnus (pathogenic isolates(More)
Listeriosis is an important food-borne disease that causes high rates of morbidity and mortality. For reasons that are not clear, most large outbreaks of human listeriosis involve Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b. Relatively little is known about the pathogenesis of listeriosis following gastrointestinal exposure to food-borne disease isolates of L.(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that the innate resistance of mice to Listeria monocytogenes infection by intravenous or intraperitoneal inoculation is regulated principally by the Hc locus on mouse chromosome 2. The A/J and C57BL/6 mouse strains were identified as prototype L. monocytogenes-susceptible and -resistant strains, respectively. In the present(More)
Bone marrow (BM) hematopoietic cells are selectively sensitive to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in vivo. 7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA), but not benzo(a)pyrene (BP), depletes BM hematopoietic cells in C57BL/6 mice. This difference is due to a BP-selective aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-mediated recovery. Colony-forming unit assays show(More)
Humans are exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) through many environmental pollutants, especially cigarette smoke. These chemicals cause a variety of tumors and immunotoxic effects, as a consequence of bioactivation by P-450 cytochromes to dihydrodiol epoxides. The recently identified cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1) bioactivates PAHs but is also a(More)
Recent studies have established the importance of neutrophils in innate resistance to Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice. The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of neutrophils in acquired resistance to L. monocytogenes infection. Previously immunized mice that were depleted of neutrophils by administration of the antigranulocyte(More)
In this study we used colony forming unit (CFU) assays to demonstrate rapid suppression (within 6h) of lymphoid (CFU-preB) and myeloid (CFU-GM) progenitor cells in DMBA-treated mice. The duration of these changes were consistent with the blood levels of DMBA and its metabolites that were achieved by either IP or oral DMBA administration. CFU-GM and CFU-preB(More)