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The complete sequence of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome revealed thousands of previously unsuspected genes, many of which cannot be ascribed even putative functions. One of the largest and most enigmatic gene families discovered in this way is characterized by tandem arrays of pentatricopeptide repeats (PPRs). We describe a detailed bioinformatic analysis(More)
Following the recent discovery that the methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene located on Xq28 is involved in Rett syndrome (RTT), a wild spectrum of phenotypes, including mental handicap, has been shown to be associated with mutations in MECP2. These findings, with the compelling genetic evidence suggesting the presence in Xq28 of additional genes(More)
Plant mitochondrial genomes exist in a natural state of heteroplasmy, in which substoichiometric levels of alternative mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) molecules coexist with the main genome. These subgenomes either replicate autonomously or are created by infrequent recombination events. We found that Arabidopsis thaliana OSB1 (for Organellar Single-stranded DNA(More)
Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins form a huge family in plants (450 members in Arabidopsis and 477 in rice) defined by tandem repetitions of characteristic sequence motifs. Some of these proteins have been shown to play a role in posttranscriptional processes within organelles, and they are thought to be sequence-specific RNA-binding proteins. The(More)
To explore the possibility that overproduction of neuronal acetylcholinesterase (AChE) confers changes in both cholinergic and morphogenic intercellular interactions, we studied developmental responses to neuronal AChE overexpression in motoneurons and neuromuscular junctions of AChE-transgenic mice. Perikarya of spinal cord motoneurons were consistently(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) produced by spinal cord motoneurons accumulates within axo-dendritic spinal cord synapses. It is also secreted from motoneuron cell bodies, through their axons, into the region of neuromuscular junctions, where it terminates cholinergic neurotransmission. Here we show that transgenic mice expressing human AChE in their spinal(More)
The application of parallel synthesis to lead optimization programs in drug discovery has been an ongoing challenge since the first reports of library synthesis. A number of approaches to the application of parallel array synthesis to lead optimization have been attempted over the years, ranging from widespread deployment by (and support of) individual(More)
The complete sequence of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome revealed thousands of previously unsuspected genes, many of which cannot be ascribed even putative functions. One of the largest and most enigmatic gene families discovered in this way is characterized by tandem arrays of pentatricopeptide repeats (PPRs). We describe a detailed bioinformatic analysis(More)
1. In utero exposure to poisons and drugs (e.g., anticholinesterases, cocaine) is frequently associated with spontaneous absorption and placental malfunction. The major protein interacting with these compounds is butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), which attenuates the effects of such xenobiotics by their hydrolysis or sequestration. Therefore, we studied BuChE(More)
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