Charles I. Berul

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The cardiac conduction system is an anatomically discrete segment of specialized myocardium that initiates and propagates electrical impulses to coordinate myocardial contraction. To define the molecular composition of the mouse ventricular conduction system we used microdissection and transcriptional profiling by serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE).(More)
We developed a technology for heart rate (HR) variability (HRV) analysis in the mouse for characterization of HR dynamics, modulated by vagal and sympathetic activity. The mouse is the principal animal model for studying biological processes. Mouse strains are now available harboring gene mutations providing fundamental insights into molecular mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND This report describes a novel in vivo mouse epicardial cardiac electrophysiology study based on clinical protocols used to evaluate cardiac conduction in human patients. The technique allows extensive electrophysiological evaluation, including the response to pacing, programmed stimulation, and pharmacological agents. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RCA) of septal accessory pathways may be technically challenging in children due to the risk of inadvertent atrioventricular (AV) block in the setting of small cardiac dimensions. Outcomes were reviewed for all patients aged < or =19 years with manifest and concealed septal accessory pathways undergoing RCA since 1990 at a(More)
BACKGROUND Data on the Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome (J-LN), the long-QT syndrome (LQTS) variant associated with deafness and caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations on the KCNQ1 or on the KCNE1 genes encoding the I(Ks) current, are still based largely on case reports. METHODS AND RESULTS We analyzed data from 186 J-LN patients(More)
To define the role of Irx4, a member of the Iroquois family of homeobox transcription factors in mammalian heart development and function, we disrupted the murine Irx4 gene. Cardiac morphology in Irx4-deficient mice (designated Irx4(Delta ex2/Delta ex2)) was normal during embryogenesis and in early postnatal life. Adult Irx4(Delta ex2/Delta ex2) mice(More)
Heterozygous mutations of the cardiac transcription factor Nkx2-5 cause atrioventricular conduction defects in humans by unknown mechanisms. We show in KO mice that the number of cells in the cardiac conduction system is directly related to Nkx2-5 gene dosage. Null mutant embryos appear to lack the primordium of the atrioventricular node. In Nkx2-5(More)