Charles I. Berul

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To define the role of Irx4, a member of the Iroquois family of homeobox transcription factors in mammalian heart development and function, we disrupted the murine Irx4 gene. Cardiac morphology in Irx4-deficient mice (designated Irx4(Delta ex2/Delta ex2)) was normal during embryogenesis and in early postnatal life. Adult Irx4(Delta ex2/Delta ex2) mice(More)
The cardiac conduction system is an anatomically discrete segment of specialized myocardium that initiates and propagates electrical impulses to coordinate myocardial contraction. To define the molecular composition of the mouse ventricular conduction system we used microdissection and transcriptional profiling by serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE).(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the gamma2 subunit (PRKAG2) of AMP-activated protein kinase produce an unusual human cardiomyopathy characterized by ventricular hypertrophy and electrophysiological abnormalities: Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) and progressive degenerative conduction system disease. Pathological examinations of affected human hearts reveal(More)
The genetic basis of myotonic dystrophy type I (DM1) is the expansion of a CTG tract located in the 3' untranslated region of DMPK. Expression of mutant RNAs encoding expanded CUG repeats plays a central role in the development of cardiac disease in DM1. Expanded CUG tracts form both nuclear and cytoplasmic aggregates, yet the relative significance of such(More)
Although sarcomere protein gene mutations cause familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC), individuals bearing a mutant cardiac myosin binding protein C (MyBP-C) gene usually have a better prognosis than individuals bearing beta-cardiac myosin heavy chain (MHC) gene mutations. Heterozygous mice bearing a cardiac MHC missense mutation (alphaMHC(403/+) or a(More)
INTRODUCTION Nonautomatic focal atrial tachycardia (NAFAT) has been characterized in adults with structurally normal hearts. This article characterizes NAFAT in a population of patients with complex congenital heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS Electrophysiologic and electroanatomic mapping data and acute outcomes were reviewed in patients undergoing(More)
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