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BACKGROUND Myocardial conduction depends on intercellular transfer of current at gap junctions. Atrial myocytes express three different gap junction channel proteins-connexin43 (Cx43), connexin45 (Cx45), and connexin40 (Cx40)-- whereas ventricular myocytes express only Cx43 and Cx45. However, the physiological roles of individual connexins are unknown. We(More)
BACKGROUND Use of automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) in children aged <8 years is not recommended. The purpose of this study was to develop an ECG database of shockable and nonshockable rhythms from a broad age range of pediatric patients and to test the accuracy of the Agilent Heartstream FR2 Patient Analysis System for sensitivity and specificity.(More)
To define the role of Irx4, a member of the Iroquois family of homeobox transcription factors in mammalian heart development and function, we disrupted the murine Irx4 gene. Cardiac morphology in Irx4-deficient mice (designated Irx4(Delta ex2/Delta ex2)) was normal during embryogenesis and in early postnatal life. Adult Irx4(Delta ex2/Delta ex2) mice(More)
BACKGROUND Data on the Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome (J-LN), the long-QT syndrome (LQTS) variant associated with deafness and caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations on the KCNQ1 or on the KCNE1 genes encoding the I(Ks) current, are still based largely on case reports. METHODS AND RESULTS We analyzed data from 186 J-LN patients(More)
The cardiac conduction system is an anatomically discrete segment of specialized myocardium that initiates and propagates electrical impulses to coordinate myocardial contraction. To define the molecular composition of the mouse ventricular conduction system we used microdissection and transcriptional profiling by serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE).(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the gamma2 subunit (PRKAG2) of AMP-activated protein kinase produce an unusual human cardiomyopathy characterized by ventricular hypertrophy and electrophysiological abnormalities: Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) and progressive degenerative conduction system disease. Pathological examinations of affected human hearts reveal(More)
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is the most common form of muscular dystrophy and is caused by expansion of a CTG trinucleotide repeat on human chromosome 19. Patients with DM develop atrioventricular conduction disturbances, the principal cardiac manifestation of this disease. The etiology of the pathophysiological changes observed in DM has yet to be resolved.(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) in repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) reduces pulmonary regurgitation and decreases right ventricular (RV) dilation, but its long-term impact on ventricular tachycardia (VT) and mortality is unknown. This study aimed to determine the incidence of death and VT in TOF after PVR and to test the hypothesis that PVR(More)
INTRODUCTION The incidence of appropriate and inappropriate discharges, indicators of system failure, and clinical implications of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy in children and young adults with heart disease is poorly defined. METHODS AND RESULTS In a retrospective study at a single medical center, a total of 90 ICD procedures were(More)