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UNLABELLED This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study evaluated the minimum effective dose of dexamethasone for postoperative antiemesis. One-hundred fifty women scheduled for major gynecological surgery were randomly assigned to receive dexamethasone 10 mg (D10), 5 mg (D5), 2.5 mg (D2.5), 1.25 mg (D1.25), or placebo (P) before the induction of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the cognitive development in Taiwanese children who had been exposed prenatally to high levels of heat-degraded polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) with control children who were exposed to background levels. The disorder was called Yu-Cheng, "oil disease," in Taiwan. DESIGN Matched-pair cohort study. SETTING Communities in central(More)
The relationships between blood lead, sperm lead, sperm reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, and sperm fertile capability were investigated to understand the effects of lead exposure on sperm function and the mechanism of these effects. Male Sprague-Dawley rats, 7 weeks old, were randomly divided into control group and lead-treated group. The controls and(More)
The relationships between sperm reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, the capacitation process and acrosome reaction, and the spermoocyte penetration rate (SOPR) were investigated to understand the effect of lead toxicity on sperm functions and the mechanisms of these effects. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received weekly intraperitoneal injections of 20 mg(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphologic changes in the ulnar nerve in cubital tunnel syndrome with high-resolution ultrasonography. The mean values of the short axis (cm) x long axis (cm) at the arm, epicondyle, and forearm levels were 0.057 +/- 0.01, 0.068 +/- 0.019, and 0.062 +/- 0.01 in control group; 0.069 +/- 0.04, 0.139 +/- 0.06, and(More)
Survival for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is low, the role of adjuvant therapy remains controversial, and recent data suggest adjuvant chemoradiation (CRT) may decrease survival compared with surgery alone. Our goal was to examine efficacy of adjuvant CRT in resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma compared with surgery alone. Patients with pancreatic(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the expression of cytokines by T-helper cells type 1 (interleukin [IL]-2 and interferon-gamma [IFN-gamma]) and type 2 (IL-4 and IL-10) in peripheral blood monocytes and peritoneal fluid (PF) cells from patients with endometriosis. DESIGN Peripheral blood (PB) monocytes and PF cells from patients with endometriosis were isolated(More)
In 1979, a mass poisoning occurred in Taiwan from cooking oil contaminated by thermally degraded polychlorinated biphenyls. Because these chemicals persist in human tissue, children born to female patients after the outbreak were exposed in utero. In 1985, 117 children born to affected women and 108 unexposed controls were examined and evaluated. The(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the value of 3-dimensional sonography in the diagnosis of congenital müllerian duct anomalies, which cause infertility, preterm labor, and first trimester abortion. METHODS A prospective study was undertaken in which 40 patients with histories of repeated spontaneous abortions or infertility were first(More)
Recently we have reported that the membrane-associated form of the gamma-aminobutyric acid-synthesizing enzyme, l-glutamate decarboxylase (MGAD), is regulated by the vesicular proton gradient (Hsu, C. C., Thomas, C., Chen, W., Davis, K. M., Foos, T., Chen, J. L., Wu, E., Floor, E., Schloss, J. V., and Wu, J. Y. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 24366-24371). In(More)