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The diagnosis of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHA) requires evidence of shortened red blood cell (RBC) survival mediated by autoantibodies directed against autologous RBCs. About 80 percent of patients with AHA have warm-reactive antibodies of the IgG isotype; the remainder exhibit cold-reactive autoantibodies. Typical patients exhibit anemia,(More)
Cell volume regulation occurs via the regulated fluxes of ions and solutes across the cell membrane in response to cell volume perturbations under anisotonic conditions. Our earlier studies in human promyelocytic leukemic HL-60 cells showed that volume-dependent changes in total cellular F-actin content occur concomitantly as an inverse function of acute(More)
We studied the effect of activators and inhibitors of protein kinase C on actin conformation in human blood lymphocytes by flow cytometry and gel electrophoresis. PMA, 1-oleyl-2-acetyl-glycerol, and mezerein, activators of protein kinase C, caused an increase in lymphocyte F-actin within 2 to 5 min. After stimulation with PMA, lymphocytes formed pseudopods(More)
Tumor cells expressing the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) gene are sensitive to the drug ganciclovir (GCV). We demonstrate here that HSV-TK-positive cells exposed to GCV were lethal to HSV-TK-negative cells as a result of a "bystander effect." HSV-TK-negative cells were killed in vitro when the population of cultured cells contained only 10%(More)
Two adult male patients with acute leukemia developed a fatal Budd-Chiari-like illness while receiving 6-thioguanine. Both had previously received cytosine arabinoside. Antemortem and postmortem specimens of liver showed changes characteristic of toxic veno-occlusive disease. Similar findings have been described after ingestion of certain plant alkaloids(More)
To investigate the possible role of the cytoskeleton in volume regulatory responses of human promyelocytic leukemic (HL-60) cells, we monitored and modulated the F-actin content of these cells undergoing volume regulation in anisotonic media. Initial volume changes of HL-60 cells suspended in hypertonic media followed a Van't Hoff relationship, and(More)
PURPOSE To identify predictors of oral mucositis and gastrointestinal toxicity after high-dose therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Mucositis and gastrointestinal toxicity were prospectively evaluated in 202 recipients of high-dose therapy and autologous or allogeneic stem-cell rescue. Of 10 outcome variables, three were selected as end points: the peak value(More)
Differentiation therapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) using all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) has improved the prognosis of the disease. ATRA therapy also causes a newly recognized clinical syndrome, the "retinoic acid syndrome" (RAS), which can be successfully managed with dexamethasone. Because aberrant function of maturing leukemic granulocytes may(More)
The effect of the chemotatic peptide, N-formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (FMLP), on actin conformation in human neutrophils (PMN) was studied by flow cytometry using fluorescent 7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole (NBD)-phallacidin to quantitate cellular F-actin content. Uptake of NBD-phallacidin by fixed PMN was saturable and inhibited by fluid phase F-actin(More)
A 44-year-old man with Hodgkin's disease developed fever and erythematous macules and plaques associated with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine chemotherapy. Biopsy results demonstrated a neutrophilic infiltrate around sweat glands and degeneration of eccrine glands. These findings are characteristic of neutrophilic eccrine hidradenitis,(More)