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Tumor cells expressing the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) gene are sensitive to the drug ganciclovir (GCV). We demonstrate here that HSV-TK-positive cells exposed to GCV were lethal to HSV-TK-negative cells as a result of a "bystander effect." HSV-TK-negative cells were killed in vitro when the population of cultured cells contained only 10%(More)
PURPOSE One hundred autotransplants for Hodgkin's disease (HD) or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) were examined prospectively to identify variables with prognostic significance. PATIENTS AND METHODS Ninety-six patients with relapsed or refractory HD or NHL underwent 100 autotransplants. Patients received high-dose carmustine (BCNU), etoposide, cytarabine,(More)
To investigate the possible role of the cytoskeleton in volume regulatory responses of human promyelocytic leukemic (HL-60) cells, we monitored and modulated the F-actin content of these cells undergoing volume regulation in anisotonic media. Initial volume changes of HL-60 cells suspended in hypertonic media followed a Van't Hoff relationship, and(More)
Cell volume regulation occurs via the regulated fluxes of ions and solutes across the cell membrane in response to cell volume perturbations under anisotonic conditions. Our earlier studies in human promyelocytic leukemic HL-60 cells showed that volume-dependent changes in total cellular F-actin content occur concomitantly as an inverse function of acute(More)
The diagnosis of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHA) requires evidence of shortened red blood cell (RBC) survival mediated by autoantibodies directed against autologous RBCs. About 80 percent of patients with AHA have warm-reactive antibodies of the IgG isotype; the remainder exhibit cold-reactive autoantibodies. Typical patients exhibit anemia,(More)
We studied the effect of activators and inhibitors of protein kinase C on actin conformation in human blood lymphocytes by flow cytometry and gel electrophoresis. PMA, 1-oleyl-2-acetyl-glycerol, and mezerein, activators of protein kinase C, caused an increase in lymphocyte F-actin within 2 to 5 min. After stimulation with PMA, lymphocytes formed pseudopods(More)
PURPOSE To identify predictors of oral mucositis and gastrointestinal toxicity after high-dose therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Mucositis and gastrointestinal toxicity were prospectively evaluated in 202 recipients of high-dose therapy and autologous or allogeneic stem-cell rescue. Of 10 outcome variables, three were selected as end points: the peak value(More)
Two adult male patients with acute leukemia developed a fatal Budd-Chiari-like illness while receiving 6-thioguanine. Both had previously received cytosine arabinoside. Antemortem and postmortem specimens of liver showed changes characteristic of toxic veno-occlusive disease. Similar findings have been described after ingestion of certain plant alkaloids(More)
The morphology of the amorphous, gelatinous, and crystalline varieties of monoclonal IgG cryoglobulins was analyzed by light and transmission and scanning electron microscopy. Each cryoglobulin had a characteristic fine structure that correlated with its gross morphology. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the amorphous precipitates were random(More)
One hundred and thirty-six patients autografted for relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) were evaluated to assess long-term event-free survival and to identify important prognostic factors. High-dose therapy consisted primarily of carmustine (BCNU), etoposide, cytarabine, and cyclophosphamide (BEAC) followed by unpurged autologous stem cell(More)