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BACKGROUND Remission of illness in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) is achieved in less than half of patients initially treated with medication. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is another treatment option. We report the speed of response and remission rates in a cohort of depressed patients who received a course of acute-phase ECT in the(More)
BACKGROUND Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been shown to be extremely effective for the acute treatment of major depression, it has never been systematically assessed as a strategy for relapse prevention. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the comparative efficacy of continuation ECT (C-ECT) and the combination of lithium carbonate plus nortriptyline(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is a newly sequenced neuropeptide thought to be a principal stimulus to pituitary corticotropin (ACTH) secretion. Evidence obtained from laboratory animals and primates is reviewed which indicates that CRF not only stimulates the pituitary-adrenal axis but also influences several aspects of CNS function which may be of(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans were performed on 12 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and 12 healthy controls. Measurements of the area of the head of the caudate nucleus, cingulate gyrus thickness, intracaudate/frontal horn ratio, and area of the corpus callosum did not differ between the two groups. These limited data do not(More)
BACKGROUND Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a highly effective treatment for mood disorders. Continuation ECT (C-ECT) and maintenance ECT (M-ECT) are required for many patients suffering from severe and recurrent forms of mood disorders. This is a review of the literature regarding C- and M-ECT. METHODS We conducted a computerized search using the words(More)
We treated two children with intractable epilepsy with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for seizure control. One child showed a change in seizure pattern with treatment, which at greater intensity was also effective in stopping nonconvulsive status epilepticus. The other child showed a decrease in spontaneous seizure frequency during short-term treatment.(More)
BACKGROUND Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment for major depression. Optimising efficacy and minimising cognitive impairment are goals of ongoing technical refinements. AIMS To compare the efficacy and cognitive effects of a novel electrode placement, bifrontal, with two standard electrode placements, bitemporal and right unilateral(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed the incidence, severity, and course of expressed suicidal intent in depressed patients who were treated with ECT. The data are from the first phase of an ongoing, collaborative multicenter study, the overall aim of which was to compare continuation ECT with pharmacotherapy in the prevention of relapse after a successful course(More)