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An 8.5-kb cosmid containing the KORRIGAN gene complements the cellulose-deficient rsw2-1 mutant of Arabidopsis. Three temperature-sensitive alleles of rsw2 show single amino acid mutations in the putative endo-1,4-beta-glucanase encoded by KOR. The F1 from crosses between kor-1 and rsw2 alleles shows a weak, temperature-sensitive root phenotype. The shoots(More)
Dynamin-related proteins are large GTPases that deform and cause fission of membranes. The DRP1 family of Arabidopsis thaliana has five members of which DRP1A, DRP1C, and DRP1E are widely expressed. Likely functions of DRP1A were identified by studying rsw9, a null mutant of the Columbia ecotype that grows continuously but with altered morphology. Mutant(More)
The Chlamydomonas reinhardtii starch-less mutant, BAF-J5, was found to store lipids up to 65% of dry cell weight when grown photoheterotrophically and subjected to nitrogen starvation. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used as a high-throughput method for semi-quantitative measurements of protein, carbohydrate and lipid content. The fatty acids of(More)
We measured the level of xylem-derived cytokinins (CKs) entering a cotton leaf, and the CK levels in the same leaf, thus enabling xylem sap and foliar CKs to be compared concurrently. Although zeatin was the dominant CK in xylem sap, zeatin, dihydrozeatin, and N(6)-(2-isopentenyl) adenine were present in approximately equimolar levels in leaves. Elevated(More)
Three non-allelic radial swelling mutants (rsw1, rsw2 and rsw3) of Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. were shown to be specifically impaired in cellulose production. Fractionation methods that identify, characterise and quantify some of the major cell wall polysaccharides in small quantities of seedlings demonstrated that changes in the production of cellulose(More)
The anisotropic growth of plant cells depends on cell walls having anisotropic mechanical properties, which are hypothesized to arise from aligned cellulose microfibrils. To test this hypothesis and to identify genes involved in controlling plant shape, we isolated mutants in Arabidopsis thaliana in which the degree of anisotropic expansion of the root is(More)
Vesicle trafficking delivers proteins to intracellular and extracellular compartments, cellulose synthase to the plasma membrane, and non-cellulosic polysaccharides to the cell wall. The Arabidopsis genome potentially encodes 19 proteins with sequence similarities to ARFs (ADP-ribosylation factors) and its relatives such as ARLs (ARF-like proteins). ARFs(More)
The fatty acid profile and beta-carotene content of a number of Australian varieties of purslane (Portulaca oleracea) were determined by GC and HPLC. The total fatty acid content ranged from 1.5 to 2.5 mg/g of fresh mass in leaves, 0.6 to 0.9 mg/g in stems and 80 to 170 mg/g in seeds. alpha-Linolenic acid (C18:3omega3) accounted for around 60% and 40% of(More)
Nucleoside modification has been studied in unfractionated tRNA from 11 thermophilic archaea (archaebacteria), including phylogenetically diverse representatives of thermophilic methanogens and sulfur-metabolizing hyperthermophiles which grow optimally in the temperature range of 56 (Thermoplasma acidophilum) to 105 degrees C (Pyrodictium occultum), and for(More)
In order to increase the concentration of the nutritionally essential sulphur amino acids in seed protein, a transgene encoding a methionine- and cysteine-rich protein, sunflower seed albumin (SSA), was transferred to chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L). Transgenic seeds that accumulated SSA contained more methionine and less oxidized sulphur than the controls,(More)