Charles Gobelet

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The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma coactivator-1 (PGC-1) can induce mitochondria biogenesis and has been implicated in the development of oxidative type I muscle fibers. The PPAR isoforms alpha, beta/delta, and gamma control the transcription of genes involved in fatty acid and glucose metabolism. As endurance training increases(More)
Skeletal muscle size is tightly regulated by the synergy between anabolic and catabolic signalling pathways which, in humans, have not been well characterized. Akt has been suggested to play a pivotal role in the regulation of skeletal muscle hypertrophy and atrophy in rodents and cells. Here we measured the amount of phospho-Akt and several of its(More)
Mitochondrial impairment is hypothesized to contribute to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Mitofusin (Mfn) proteins regulate the biogenesis and maintenance of the mitochondrial network, and when inactivated, cause a failure in the mitochondrial architecture and decreases in oxidative capacity and glucose oxidation. Exercise increases muscle(More)
Intra-myocellular triglycerides (IMTG) accumulate in the muscle of obese and endurance-trained (ET) humans and are considered a pathogenic factor in the development of insulin resistance, in the former. We postulate that this paradox may be associated with the peroxidation status of the IMTG. IMTG content was the same in the obese and ET subjects. The lipid(More)
Bisphosphonates seem to be effective as antiresorptive agents in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. However, the optimal dose and route of administration as well as the specific effects on cortical or trabecular bone have not been clarified. To compare pamidronate (APD) with fluoride (F) in the therapy of postmenopausal osteoporosis, 32(More)
AIM This study evaluates the effect of front suspension (FS) and dual suspension (DS) mountain-bike on performance and vibrations during off-road uphill riding. METHODS Thirteen male cyclists (27+/-5 years, 70+/-6 kg, VO(2max)59+/-6 mL.kg(-1).min(-1), mean+/-SD) performed, in a random sequence, at their lactate threshold, an off-road uphill course (1.69(More)
Introduction The aim of the present study was to assess the association between remembered previous work place environment and return to work (RTW) after hospitalisation in a rehabilitation hospital. Methods A cohort of 291 orthopedic trauma patients discharged from hospital between 15 December 2004 and 31 December 2005 was included in a study addressing(More)
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome is a difficult condition to treat. Many modalities have been proposed, all of them being clinically effective but whose efficacy is often difficult to assess, and has not been properly compared. A regimen of physical therapy (pressure therapy, antalgic electrotherapy and exercise therapy) with or without calcitonin was(More)
Chronic complete spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with severe skeletal muscle atrophy as well several atrophy and physical-inactivity-related comorbidity factors such as diabetes, obesity, lipid disorders, and cardiovascular diseases. Intracellular mechanisms associated with chronic complete SCI-related muscle atrophy are not well understood, and thus(More)
The molecular mechanisms influencing muscle atrophy in humans are poorly understood. Atrogin-1 and MuRF1, two ubiquitin E3-ligases, mediate rodent and cell muscle atrophy and are suggested to be regulated by an Akt/Forkhead (FKHR) signaling pathway. Here we investigated the expression of atrogin-1, MuRF1, and the activity of Akt and its catabolic (FKHR and(More)