Charles Giardina

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Observational studies have been largely consistent in showing an inverse association between vitamin D and an individual's risk of developing colorectal cancer. Vitamin D protection is further supported by a range of preclinical colon cancer models, including carcinogen, genetic and dietary models. A large number of mechanistic studies in both humans and(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the colonic mucosa that can dramatically increase the risk of colon cancers. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of a dietary intervention of freeze-dried black raspberries (BRB), a natural food product with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory bioactivities, on disease severity in an(More)
KDD (Knowledge Discovery in Databases) is the automated discovery of patterns and relationships in large databases. Data mining is one step in the KDD process. Many data mining algorithms and methods find data patterns using techniques such as neural Analyzer is a data mining method that finds dependency rules of the form X ⇒ Y. Data is Booleanized with(More)
Past studies in our laboratory have shown that silica (-quartz) particle exposure of a mouse alveolar macrophage cell line (MH-S) elicits mitochondrial depolarization and caspase 3 and 9 activation, contributing to apoptosis. However, cellular pathways leading to these outcomes have not been extensively investigated. Initial studies revealed that silica(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) releases arachidonic acid (AA) from intracellular phospholipids. We evaluated the status of cPLA(2) in azoxymethane (AOM)-induced mouse colon tumors. Despite increased expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (3.7-fold) and PGE(2) (3.4-fold) production in tumors, cPLA(2) mRNA levels and enzyme activity were significantly reduced(More)
BACKGROUND Normal cells possess a limited proliferative life span after which they enter a state of irreversible growth arrest. This process, known as replicative senescence, is accompanied by changes in gene expression that give rise to a variety of senescence-associated phenotypes. It has been suggested that these gene expression changes result in part(More)
Considering the importance of the oncogene checkpoint function of the alternating reading frame(ARF)-p53 pathway, studies were undertaken to evaluate the status of this pathway in azoxymethane (AOM)-induced mouse colon tumors. A PCR-based analysis of ARF and p53 cDNAs in normal colon tissues and AOM-induced colon tumors failed to detect mutations in either(More)
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is used for a number of applications, including the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers and CO poisoning. However, we and others have shown that HBOT can mobilize cellular antioxidant defenses, suggesting that it may also be useful under circumstances in which tissue protection from oxidative damage is desired. To test the(More)