Charles G. Ray

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The relation of breast feeding and other factors to the incidence of respiratory syncytial virus-associated lower respiratory tract illness (RSV-LRI) in the first year of life is examined. The study population is 1,179 healthy infants enrolled at birth between May 1980 and January 1984 into the Tucson Children's Respiratory Study, Tucson, Arizona. Each(More)
Lower respiratory tract illnesses (LRIs) occurring during the first 3 years of life among children enrolled in the Tucson Children's Respiratory Study have been studied for evidence of viral, mycoplasmal and Chlamydia trachomatis infections. This report examines those from whom adequate acute and convalescent sera were available at the time of the LRI. Two(More)
Nine patients with an initial onset of symptoms of acute arthritis within the preceding four weeks were enrolled in a prospective serological study with clinical follow-up for six months to two years. Four adults with chronic rheumatoid arthritis and ten healthy adults were similarly studied. Serial titers measured included antibodies to Epstein-Barr virus(More)
In a study of serum levels of endogenous tumour necrosis factor (TNF) in healthy people and patients with neoplastic or infectious disease, only patients with kala-azar (visceral leishmaniasis) and malaria were found to have a strikingly increased frequency of raised TNF levels (66.6% and 70.0%, respectively). 7.9% of samples from both healthy subjects and(More)
The prevalence rates of serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody to HBsAg (anti-HBs) were 5.6% and 34% in 144 homosexual men in Seattle. Prevalence rates were only 0.9% and 3.6% in 111 heterosexual male venereal disease clinic patients with nongonococcal urethritis, and also 0.9% and 3.6% in 111 healthy men undergoing routine physical(More)
An epidemic of acute myositis affecting children occurred in association with influenza B infections. The myositis followed the initial influenza-like episode, and almost exclusively involved the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Patients improved without specific treatment and made a complete recovery in four to five days. Laboratory studies(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) causes major morbidity in organ transplant recipients. Gastrointestinal disease was the most prominent manifestation of CMV infection in a population of heart and heart-lung transplant patients, with an incidence of 9.9%, compared with pneumonitis (4.0%) and retinitis (0%), and occurred most frequently in CMV-seronegative recipients of(More)
Of 20 blood specimens testing positive for cytomegalovirus antigen after immediate processing, 19 (95%) remained positive when kept at room temperature for 24 h before processing. Quantitative antigenemia decreased by an average of 44% after storage. Compared with acetone fixation, formaldehyde fixation showed improved readability, fewer artifacts, and a(More)