Charles Fuller

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Sleep and wakefulness are governed by both the suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus (SCN), and a sleep homeostatic process; however, the interaction of these control systems is not well understood. From rodent studies it has been assumed that the SCN promote neither wake nor sleep but gate the homeostatic sleep-promoting process. Yet in humans sleep(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To characterize the sleep patterns of unrestrained, diurnal nonhuman primates entrained to 24-hour light-dark cycles. DESIGN EEG, EMG, and EOG were recorded continuously via implanted telemetry from 5 unrestrained male rhesus monkeys housed individually under a 16:8 light-dark cycle (LD 16:8; L = 13 lux; D = 0 lux). RESULTS In a LD 16:8(More)
The pattern of retinal projection to the hypothalamus and the morphological properties of the retinal ganglion cells that comprise the retinohypothalamic tract have been examined in the cat. Intraocular injections of horseradish peroxidase revealed a dense retinal projection to the ventral suprachiasmatic nucleus; however, lighter projections were seen in(More)
We assessed whether alterations in endogenous circadian rhythm of core temperature (CRT) in aging rats are associated with chronological time or with a biological marker of senescence, i.e., spontaneous rapid body weight loss. CRT was measured in male Fischer 344 (F344) rats beginning at age 689 days and then continuously until death. Young rats were also(More)
Physiological responses to changes in the gravitational field and body position, as well as symptoms of patients with anxiety-related disorders, have indicated an interrelationship between vestibular function and stress responses. However, the relative significance of cochlear and vestibular information in autonomic regulation remains unresolved because of(More)
The circadian timing system (CTS) coordinates an animal's physiology and behavior both internally and with the 24-h day. Previous studies have suggested that the CTS is sensitive to changes in gravity. To examine this question, the expression of the CTS in four juvenile male rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) were studied in space. These animals were flown on(More)
Many panting mammals can cool the brain below body core temperature during heat stress. Studies on human subjects suggest that primates may also be able selectively to regulate brain temperature. We examined this possibility by measuring hypothalamic (Thy) and colonic (Tco) temperatures of unanesthetized squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) in two different(More)
The circadian timing system is important in the regulation of feeding and metabolism, both of which are aberrant in the obese Zucker rat. This study tested the hypothesis that these abnormalities involve a deficit in circadian regulation by examining the circadian rhythms of body temperature and activity in lean and obese Zucker rats exposed to normal(More)