Charles Fernando dos Santos

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High genetic diversity is important for the functioning of large insect societies. Across the social Hymenoptera (ants, bees, and wasps), species with the largest colonies tend to have a high colony-level genetic diversity resulting from multiple queens (polygyny) or queens that mate with multiple males (polyandry). Here we studied the genetic structure of(More)
bees / diploid / male / Hymenoptera / inbreeding In Hymenoptera (ants, wasps, bees), sex determination is controlled by haplodiploidy, with fertilized eggs giving rise to diploid females and unfertilized eggs to haploid males (Whiting 1943; Cook and Crozier 1995). However, sex determination also depends on the combination of alleles at the complementary sex(More)
The in vitro rearing of queen bees can improve the management and conservation of pollinator insects. Here, we have developed an in vitro queen-rearing protocol for Plebeia droryana (Apidae, Meliponini). Firstly, we evaluated the amount of food offered naturally to P. droryana queen larvae. After, we grafted P. droryana larvae onto acrylic plates which were(More)
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