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Patients with hereditary angioedema lack C-1 inhibitor, a plasma alpha 2-glycoprotein that inhibits both the proteolytic action of C1, the activated first component of the complement system, and the activity of components of the contact phase of coagulation: kallikrein, factor XIa, and factor XIIa. Such patients have been shown to have low levels of C4 and(More)
The transient detection of fibrinogen on surfaces has been described (Vroman effect) and high-mol-wt kininogen (HK) has been shown to play a role in this reaction. In this study, we attempted to identify the form of HK responsible for preventing detection of the fibrinogen initially adsorbed from plasma to various artificial surfaces and to determine if(More)
Factor XIa is a plasma protease that, by activating Factor IX, plays an important role in the early phase of the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. Four plasma protease inhibitors, alpha(1)-protease inhibitor, antithrombin III, C1-inhibitor, and alpha(2)-plasmin inhibitor, have been reported to inactivate human Factor XIa, but their quantitative(More)
We studied in mice the in vivo pharmacokinetics and toxicity of murine monoclonal antibodies (MCA) and of disulfide-linked MCA conjugates of gelonin, a ribosomal inhibitor prepared from the seeds of Gelonium multiflorum. Iodinated MCA with specificity for human determinants and of gamma 1 or gamma 2a isotype had a circulatory half life (T 1/2) in the mouse(More)
Elastase is released from human neutrophils during the early events of blood coagulation. Human plasma kallikrein has been shown to stimulate neutrophil chemotaxis, aggregation, and oxygen consumption. Therefore, the ability of kallikrein to release neutrophil elastase was investigated. Neutrophils were isolated by dextran sedimentation, and elastase(More)
High molecular weight kininogen (HMW)-kininogen, the cofactor of contact-activated blood coagulation, accelerates the activation of Factor XII, prekallikrein, and Factor XI on a negatively charged surface. Although prekallikrein and Factor XI circulate as a complex with HMW-kininogen, no physical association has been demonstrated between Factor XII and(More)
Exposure of human blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) to purified active plasma kallikrein resulted in PMN aggregation when kallikrein was present at concentrations ranging from 0.4 to 0.6 U/ml (0.18-0.27 microM). Kallikrein-induced PMN aggregation was not mediated through C5-derived peptides, because identical responses were observed whether or not(More)
Human plasma kallikrein consists of an N-terminal heavy chain of molecular weight (mol wt) 52,000, linked by disulfide bonds to two light chain variants (mol wt 36,000 or 33,000). Although the active catalytic site of kallikrein resides on the C-terminal light chain, the role of the N-terminal heavy chain is less clear. We therefore studied an enzyme(More)