Charles F Haines

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We have evaluated the role of retinoid signaling in the early development of the olfactory epithelium and olfactory bulb. When retinoid-mediated gene expression is blocked briefly in mouse embryos at midgestation with citral (a general alcohol dehydrogenase antagonist that is thought to interfere with retinoid synthesis), the spectrum of morphogenetic(More)
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) may result from a variety of genetic defects that impair the development of T cells. Signaling mediated by the cytokine interleukin-7 is essential for the differentiation of T cells from lymphoid progenitors, and mutations of either the interleukin-7 receptor alpha chain (IL-7Ralpha) or its associated cytokine(More)
OBJECTIVE Clostridium difficile is the most commonly reported infectious diarrhoea in HIV-infected patients in the United States. We set out to determine the incidence, risk factors and clinical presentation of C. difficile infections (CDIs) in a cohort of HIV-infected individuals. DESIGN We performed a nested, case-control analysis with four non-CDI(More)
Dihydropteridine reductase isolated from the bacterium Pseudomonas species (ATCC 11299a) has been purified approximately 450-fold byammonium sulfate precipitation and diethylaminoethyl-cellulose chromatographic procedures. The preparation is at least 80% pure as judged by polyacrylamide gels. Its molecular weight was determined to be about 44,000. Both(More)
BACKGROUND Earlier HIV diagnosis and engagement in care improve outcomes and is cost effective, as a result, in 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revised the HIV-screening guidelines. We sought to determine whether the CD4 count (CD4) at presentation, a surrogate for time to presentation, increased during the study period. Our a(More)
BACKGROUND In the current antiretroviral (ART) era, the evolution of HIV guidelines and emergence of new ART agents might be expected to impact the times to ART initiation and HIV virologic suppression. We sought to determine if times to AI and virologic suppression decreased and if disparities exist by age, race/ethnicity, and HIV risk. METHODS We(More)
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