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Although laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is known to be safe in the treatment of acute cholecystitis (AC), the optimal timing of laparoscopic intervention remains controversial. The objective of this study is to prospectively compare the safety and cost effectiveness of early versus delayed LC in AC. Our study population consisted of 43 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Cecal diverticulitis is a rare condition in the Western world, with a higher incidence in people of Asian descent. The treatment for cecal diverticulitis has ranged from expectant medical management, which is similar to uncomplicated left-sided diverticulitis, to right hemicolectomy. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective chart review was conducted of(More)
The surgical management of porcelain gallbladder is based on studies performed in 1931 and 1962, which indicated a correlation between porcelain gallbladder and carcinoma. We sought to evaluate the characteristics of patients with porcelain gallbladder and the risk for gallbladder carcinoma. The medical records of 10,741 cholecystectomies performed between(More)
BACKGROUND The platelet activating factor (PAF) antagonist, Lexipafant, has been used in experimental models and clinical trials to treat severe acute pancreatitis (AP). The purpose of this study was to determine whether Lexipafant reduces the local and systemic components of AP in a murine model of mild, edematous AP. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-eight(More)
The use of seatbelts has reduced the overall mortality associated with motor vehicle accidents. The use of lap belts has, however, been associated with a constellation of abdominal injuries, which has been termed "the seatbelt syndrome." Previous studies have shown no increase in overall rates of abdominal injury but an increase in intestinal injury with(More)
Acute diverticulitis requiring surgical intervention has conventionally been treated by resection with colostomy or delayed resection with primary anastomosis at a second admission. Our objective was to determine the outcome for treatment of diverticulitis with resection and primary anastomosis during the same hospitalization. We conducted a retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is known to increase systemic cytokine levels, as well as to activate neutrophils in distant organs. This study was designed to investigate the effect of interleukin-10 (IL-10) on cytokine release, pulmonary neutrophil accumulation, and histologic changes in a murine model of I/R. METHODS Forty female(More)
BACKGROUND Sustained intestinal ischemic injury often leads to shock and multiorgan failure, mediated in part by a cytokine cascade. Animal models have also identified a central role of Kupffer cells in amplification of cytokines following intestinal ischemia. To better understand this gut-liver axis, we developed an in vitro model. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
We examined the expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) by 12 established human melanoma cell lines. Two constitutively produced low levels of IL-6 protein, as measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Cells from these two lines, as well as those from two non-IL-6-producing cell lines, contained IL-6-specific mRNA as demonstrated by Northern hybridization.(More)