Charles F. Bellows

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INTRODUCTION Recognition of extralaryngeal bifurcation of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is crucial, because inadvertent intraoperative division may lead to significant morbidity. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of extralaryngeal bifurcation of the RLN and the distance that the initial bifurcation occurs from the cricothyroid(More)
BACKGROUND The anal epithelium is subject to dysplastic change in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We sought to determine if the duration of HIV disease or the patient's immune status were associated with the development of anal carcinoma. METHODS HIV-positive patients diagnosed with anal neoplasms were reviewed. Statistical analysis was(More)
Surgeons often encounter the challenge of treating acquired abdominal wall defects following abdominal surgery. The current standard of practice is to repair most defects using permanent synthetic mesh material. Mesh augments the strength of the weakened abdominal wall fascia and enables the hernia repair to be performed in a tension-free manner. However,(More)
BACKGROUND The surgical repair of abdominal wall defects that cannot be closed primarily in contaminated fields is a difficult problem. The use of nonabsorbable synthetic materials usually is contraindicated in this setting because of the risk for colonization and chronic infection of the mesh. In this study we sought to determine the safety and efficacy of(More)
BACKGROUND The use of biologic mesh to repair abdominal wall defects in contaminated surgical fields is becoming the standard of practice. However, failure rates and infections of these materials persist clinically. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanical properties of biologic mesh in response to a bacterial encounter. METHODS A rat(More)
Obesity complicates a number of diseases through mechanisms that are poorly defined. Mobilization and recruitment of progenitor cells to pathological sites is an important factor in disease progression. Here, we analyzed the influence of obesity on the systemic circulation of CD34(+) cell populations and correlated frequencies of cells displaying previously(More)
Doublecortin and CaM kinase-like-1 (DCAMKL-1) is a microtubule-associated protein kinase which has been recently proposed as a gastrointestinal stem cell marker. The aim of our study was to characterize DCAMKL-1 expression in normal human colon by immunohistochemistry. DCAMKL-1 immunostaining was performed on histologically normal colorectal biopsies from(More)
36th Annual Aspen Lung Conference density lipoprotein l)inding by acute phase protein(s). J Immunol 1983; 131:1913-16 11 Tubias I’S, Soldau K, Ulevitch Rj. IdentifIcation of a lipid A binding site in the acute phase reactant lipopolysaccharide binding protein. J Biol Chem 1989; 264:10867-71 12 Gray P. Weiss J. Ooi CE, et al. Cloning of the gene of the human(More)
Oral non-absorbable antibiotics work by decreasing intraluminal bacterial content after mechanical bowel preparation. The advantage of adding oral non-absorbable antibiotics to intravenous antibiotics to decrease surgical site infection (SSI) after colorectal surgery is not well known. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT)(More)
BACKGROUND Although splenic angioembolization (SAE) has been introduced and adopted in many trauma centers, the appropriate selection for and utility of SAE in trauma patients remains under debate. This study examined the outcomes of proximal SAE as part of a management algorithm for adult traumatic splenic injury compared with splenectomy. METHODS A(More)