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The importance of the conjunctival/scleral pathway as a route of entry into the ciliary body, and in particular uptake and deposition by vessels, was investigated. A constant concentration of methazolamide analogs as well as 6-carboxyfluorescein (6-CB) and rhodamine B (RB) was maintained on either the cornea or the conjunctiva/sclera tissue, the latter(More)
Three 5,8-dimethoxylated derivatives of 2-aminotetralin (2-AT) were compared with clonidine, methoxamine and phenylephrine in tests for sedation (inhibition of exploratory activity) and analgesia. In both tests the 2-AT derivatives were less potent than clonidine, but more potent than methoxamine or phenylephrine. Antagonism of the 2-AT derivative, DR-31,(More)
Cardiovascular effects of methoxamine and some aminotetralin derivatives (5,8-ADT, DR-31 and DR-17) were studied after systemic intravenous or intraarterial injection into different perfused vascular beds in anesthetized dogs. Intravenous administration of the compounds produced dose-related prolonged increases in blood pressure, which were antagonized by(More)
N-Methylacetazolamide was shown to be active topically in reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) to a small but statistically significant level in the normotensive rabbit eye. In vivo experiments with N-methylacetazolamide suggest that ocular metabolism to acetazolamide was responsible for the observed topical activity. Examination of initial rate kinetics of(More)
Several microorganisms were examined for their abilities to convert S-nicotine into nornicotine. Five microorganisms including Microsporum gypseum (ATCC 11395) produced nornicotine and three unknown metabolites. M. gypseum efficiently reduced nicotine-1'-N-oxide to nicotine, but no nornicotine was obtained when the N-oxide was used as substrate.
Two new structural analogs, 2-(4-hydroxyethoxyphenyl)acetic acid [R3] and 2-(4-hydroxyethoxyphenyl)propionic acid [R4], along with their parent compounds, ibufenac and ibuprofen, were evaluated for their biopharmaceutical properties. The analogs represented substitution of the lipophilic isobutyl side chains of ibufenac and ibuprofen with hydrophilic(More)