Charles E Rainey

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BACKGROUND Posterior cruciate ligament injuries are increasingly recognized, the result of various sports activities, and while most athletes return to sports the development degenerative joint changes is common. OBJECTIVE To provide a synopsis of the current best evidence regarding the recognition and treatment of posterior cruciate ligament injuries. (More)
The patient was a 25-year-old man who was serving in the military. He was referred to a physical therapist for a progressively worsening painful snapping sensation in the posteromedial left knee region. Prior magnetic resonance imaging for the left knee was interpreted as normal, except for a mild fluid signal about the left pes anserine bursa. The patient(More)
BACKGROUND Mixed martial arts (MMA) is currently the fastest growing sport in the United States and has recently surpassed boxing as the most popular full contact sport. Due to the physical nature of the sport, MMA is associated with various types of injuries. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was aimed at identifying prevalence and assessing the(More)
STUDY DESIGN Case Series. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are a common occurrence in many musculoskeletal issues and have been shown to be prevalent in both subjects with nonspecific low back pain and whiplash associated disorder. Trigger point dry needling (DN) has been shown to reduce pain and improve function in areas such as(More)
The patient was a 34-year-old man currently serving in the military who was referred to a physical therapist by his primary care physician for a chief complaint of worsening right shoulder pain and paresthesias of the first, second, and third digits of his right hand, as well as right upper extremity swelling. Doppler ultrasonography was performed, and the(More)
STUDY DESIGN Case Report. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are widely accepted by clinicians and researchers as a primary source of regional neuromusculoskeletal pain. Trigger point dry needling (TrP-DN) is an invasive procedure that involves stimulation of MTrPs using an monofilament needle. The purpose of this case report is to(More)
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