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  • C E Metz
  • 1978
The limitations of diagnostic "accuracy" as a measure of decision performance require introduction of the concepts of the "sensitivity" and "specificity" of a diagnostic test. These measures and the related indices, "true positive fraction" and "false positive fraction," are more meaningful than "accuracy," yet do not provide a unique description of(More)
If the performance of a diagnostic imaging system is to be evaluated objectively and meaningfully, one must compare radiologists' image-based diagnoses with actual states of disease and health in a way that distinguishes between the inherent diagnostic capacity of the radiologists' interpretations of the images, and any tendencies to "under-read" or(More)
We show that truth-state runs in rank-ordered data constitute a natural categorization of continuously-distributed test results for maximum likelihood (ML) estimation of ROC curves. On this basis, we develop two new algorithms for fitting binormal ROC curves to continuously-distributed data: a true ML algorithm (LABROC4) and a quasi-ML algorithm (LABROC5)(More)
The authors investigated the potential utility of artificial neural networks as a decision-making aid to radiologists in the analysis of mammographic data. Three-layer, feed-forward neural networks with a back-propagation algorithm were trained for the interpretation of mammograms on the basis of features extracted from mammograms by experienced(More)
The authors propose a new generalized method for ROC-curve fitting and statistical testing that allows researchers to utilize all of the data collected in an experimental comparison of two diagnostic modalities, even if some patients have not been studied with both modalities. Their new algorithm, ROCKIT, subsumes previous algorithms as special cases. It(More)
Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis has been used in a broad variety of medical imaging studies during the past 15 years, and its advantages over more traditional measures of diagnostic performance are now clearly established. But despite the essential simplicity of the approach, workers in the field often find--sometimes only after an ROC(More)
PURPOSE Area under a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (Az) is widely used as an index of diagnostic performance. However, Az is not a meaningful summary of clinical diagnostic performance when high sensitivity must be maintained clinically. The authors developed a new ROC partial area index, which measures clinical diagnostic performance more(More)
We express the performance of the N-class "guessing" observer in terms of the N2-N conditional probabilities which make up an N-class receiver operating characteristic (ROC) space, in a formulation in which sensitivities are eliminated in constructing the ROC space (equivalent to using false-negative fraction and false-positive fraction in a two-class(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) scheme on radiologists' performance in the detection of lung nodules, and to examine a new method of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred twenty radiographs (60 normal and 60 abnormal with lung nodules of varying subtlety) were used. Sixteen(More)