Charles E. Cox

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American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0010 is a prospective multicenter trial designed to evaluate the prognostic significance of micrometastases in the sentinel lymph nodes and bone marrow aspirates of women with early-stage breast cancer. Surgical complications associated with the sentinel lymph node biopsy surgical procedure are reported. Eligible(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify the sentinel lymph node(s) (SLN[s]) (the first node[s] draining the primary tumor in the regional lymphatic basin) in patients with invasive breast cancer and to test the hypothesis that the histologic characteristics of the SLN predict the histologic characteristics of the remaining lymph nodes in the axilla. DESIGN A prospective(More)
OBJECTIVE To define preliminary guidelines for the use of lymphatic mapping techniques in patients with breast cancer. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Lymphatic mapping techniques have the potential of changing the standard of surgical care of patients with breast cancer. METHODS Four hundred sixty-six consecutive patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer(More)
OBJECTIVES Considerable morbidity persists among survivors of breast cancer (BC) including high levels of psychological stress, anxiety, depression, fear of recurrence, and physical symptoms including pain, fatigue, and sleep disturbances, and impaired quality of life. Effective interventions are needed during this difficult transitional period. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Recent case reports have suggested that some asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals can develop CNS disturbances despite intact immunologic functioning and long-term suppression of plasma HIV concentrations to undetectable levels. This possibility has not yet been systematically studied longitudinally. METHODS Using longitudinal data from the(More)
The appropriateness of sentinel lymph node biopsy in the management of patients with biopsy diagnoses of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or DCIS with microinvasion (DCISM) has not been established. Three hundred forty-one patients presented with a biopsy diagnosis of DCIS or DCISM. Two hundred forty (70%) underwent sentinel node biopsy at their definitive(More)
PURPOSE Constitutive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) protein has been observed in a wide variety of tumors, including breast cancer, and contributes to oncogenesis at least in part by prevention of apoptosis. In a study of 45 patients with high-risk breast cancer enrolled in a phase II neoadjuvant chemotherapy trial(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To estimate the frequency of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies among women diagnosed with breast cancer and to identify demographic and clinical factors associated with CAM use in these patients. DESIGN A descriptive, cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE A convenience sample of 105 predominantly Caucasian women(More)
PURPOSE Chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea is a serious concern for women undergoing cancer therapy. This prospective randomized trial evaluated the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog triptorelin to preserve ovarian function in women treated with chemotherapy for early-stage breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Premenopausal women age 44(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study is to further clarify the incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) patients that are upstaged upon final pathology and/or have metastatic disease in the axilla. METHODS All patients were diagnosed with DCIS or DCIS with microinvasion (DCISm) on their diagnostic biopsy and received a sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy(More)