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Selective modulators of gamma-aminobutyric acid, type A (GABA(A)) receptors containing alpha(4) subunits may provide new treatments for epilepsy and premenstrual syndrome. Using mouse L(-tk) cells, we stably expressed the native GABA(A) receptor subunit combinations alpha(3)beta(3)gamma(2,) alpha(4)beta(3)gamma(2), and, for the first time,(More)
Inhibitory gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(A) receptors are subject to modulation at a variety of allosteric sites, with pharmacology dependent on receptor subunit combination. The influence of different alpha subunits in combination with beta3gamma2s was examined in stably expressed human recombinant GABA(A) receptors by measuring (36)Cl influx through the(More)
1. A high-throughput assay utilizing the voltage/ion probe reader (VIPR) technology identified salicylidene salicylhydrazide (SCS) as being a potent selective inhibitor of alpha2beta1gamma1 GABA(A) receptors with a maximum inhibition of 56+/-5% and an IC(50) of 32 (23, 45) nm. 2. Evaluation of this compound using patch-clamp electrophysiological techniques(More)
The interactions between calmodulin, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3), and pure cerebellar InsP3 receptors were characterized by using a scintillation proximity assay. In the absence of Ca2+, 125I-labeled calmodulin reversibly bound to multiple sites on InsP3 receptors and Ca2+ increased the binding by 190% +/- 10%; the half-maximal effect occurred when(More)
Ryanodine and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptors - two related families of Ca(2+) channels responsible for release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores [1] - are biphasically regulated by cytosolic Ca(2+) [2] [3] [4]. It is thought that the resulting positive feedback allows localised Ca(2+)-release events to propagate regeneratively, and that(More)
InsP(3) binding to type-1, but not type-3, InsP(3) receptors is inhibited by calmodulin in a Ca(2+)-independent fashion [Cardy and Taylor (1998) Biochem. J. 334, 447-455], and Ca(2+) mobilization by type-1 InsP(3) receptors of cerebellum is inhibited by calmodulin [Patel, Morris, Adkins, O'Beirne and Taylor (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94,(More)
Adenophostin A, the most potent known agonist of inositol 1,4, 5-trisphosphate (InsP(3)) receptors, stimulated (45)Ca(2+) release from the intracellular stores of permeabilized hepatocytes. The concentration of adenophostin A causing the half-maximal effect (EC(50)) was 7.1+/-0.5 nM, whereas the EC(50) for InsP(3) was 177+/-26 nM; both responses were(More)
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