Charles Dodds

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Extubation may be delayed after spine surgery mainly for the concerns of airway safety. Risk factors for delayed extubation in cervical spine surgery have been described to include prolonged surgery time and amount of crystalloids or blood transfused. To date, risk factors for delayed extubation in thoracic or lumbar spine surgery have not been(More)
Estrogen plays a key role in the regulation [5] of gene transcription. This is accomplished by its ability to act as a ligand and to bind to specific estrogen receptor [6] (ER) molecules, such as ER? and ER?, which act as nuclear transcription factors. There are three major nuclear estrogen receptor [6] protein domains: the estrogen [7] binding domain, the(More)
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