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Expression profiles of 5058 human gene transcripts represented by an array of 7451 clones from the first IMAGE Consortium cDNA library from infant brain have been collected by semiquantitative hybridization of the array with complex probes derived by reverse transcription of mRNA from brain and five other human tissues. Twenty-one percent of the clones(More)
Canonical Wnt signaling plays a rate-limiting role in regulating self-renewal and differentiation in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs). We have previously shown that mutation in the Apc (adenomatous polyposis coli) tumor suppressor gene constitutively activates Wnt signaling in ESCs and inhibits their capacity to differentiate towards ecto-, meso-, and(More)
The ability of tumor cells to leave a primary tumor, to disseminate through the body, and to ultimately seed new secondary tumors is universally agreed to be the basis for metastasis formation. An accurate description of the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie this multistep process would greatly facilitate the rational development of therapies(More)
Muscle satellite cells are heterogeneous and present functional disparities, some of them behaving as multipotent stem cells. Yet their phenotype is obscure and their isolation remains elusive. The ability to purify stem cells from a wide variety of tissues by using Hoechst 33342 staining/FACS methods has permitted access to this category of cells (side(More)
With the use of Hoechst staining techniques, we have previously shown that the C2C12 myogenic cell line contains a side population (SP) that is largely increased in the presence of fibroblast growth factor 6 (FGF6). Here, we compared transcriptional profiles from SP and main population (MP) cells from either C2C12 or FGF6-expressing C2C12. Expression(More)
Complex cDNA targets conforming to the nomenclature proposed by Duggan et al. (Nat. Genet. 21 [1 Suppl.]: 10-14) (where the immobilized nucleic acid is called "probe" and free nucleic acid is called "target") were prepared by priming reverse transcription of mRNA with oligo-(dT)-primers or random oligonucleotide primers in the presence or absence of(More)
BACKGROUND Ceramide is important in many cell responses, such as proliferation, differentiation, growth arrest and apoptosis. Elevated ceramide levels have been shown to induce apoptosis in primary neuronal cultures and neuronally differentiated PC 12 cells. RESULTS To investigate gene expression during ceramide-dependent apoptosis, we carried out a(More)
Large-scale hybridization of simple or complex cDNA probes to cDNA clones arrayed on high-density filters is a method frequently used to determine systematically the expression profiles of thousands of genes. Hybridization signal intensities, which reflect the level of transcription of the corresponding genes, are captured on phosphor screens with an(More)
Wnt signaling plays a central role in mammary stem cell (MaSC) homeostasis and in breast cancer. In particular, epigenetic alterations at different members of the Wnt pathway have been identified among triple-negative, basal-like breast cancers. Previously, we developed a mouse model for metaplastic breast adenocarcinoma, a subtype of triple-negative breast(More)