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The oligodendrocyte lineage genes Olig1 and Olig2 encode related bHLH proteins that are coexpressed in neural progenitors. Targeted disruption of these two genes sheds light on the ontogeny of oligodendroglia and genetic requirements for their development from multipotent CNS progenitors. Olig2 is required for oligodendrocyte and motor neuron specification(More)
During development, basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins regulate formation of neurons from multipotent progenitor cells. However, bHLH factors linked to gliogenesis have not been described. We have isolated a pair of oligodendrocyte lineage genes (Olg-1 and Olg-2) that encode bHLH proteins and are tightly associated with development of oligodendrocytes(More)
Olig1 and Olig2 are closely related basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors that are expressed in myelinating oligodendrocytes and their progenitor cells in the developing central nervous system (CNS). Olig2 is necessary for the specification of oligodendrocytes, but the biological functions of Olig1 during oligodendrocyte lineage development(More)
In the caudal neural tube, oligodendrocyte progenitors (OLPs) originate in the ventral neuroepithelium under the influence of Sonic hedgehog (SHH), then migrate throughout the spinal cord and brainstem before differentiating into myelin-forming cells. We present evidence that oligodendrogenesis in the anterior neural tube follows a similar pattern. We show(More)
Recent studies have identified stem cells in brain cancer. However, their relationship to normal CNS progenitors, including dependence on common lineage-restricted pathways, is unclear. We observe expression of the CNS-restricted transcription factor, OLIG2, in human glioma stem and progenitor cells reminiscent of type C transit-amplifying cells in germinal(More)
Tyrosine autophosphorylation controls the catalytic and signaling activities of the neurotrophin receptors, the Trks. To analyze the regulation of distinct tyrosine sites, we generated a panel of antibodies that report the phosphorylation state of individual tyrosines within the Trk cytoplasmic domain. Using pheochromocytoma-derived cell lines, we show that(More)
Transcription factors with bHLH motifs modulate critical events in the development of the mammalian neocortex. Multipotent cortical progenitors are maintained in a proliferative state by bHLH factors from the Id and Hes families. The transition from proliferation to neurogenesis involves a coordinate increase in the activity of proneural bHLH factors(More)
In the developing brain, transcription factors (TFs) direct the formation of a diverse array of neurons and glia. We identifed 1445 putative TFs in the mouse genome. We used in situ hybridization to map the expression of over 1000 of these TFs and TF-coregulator genes in the brains of developing mice. We found that 349 of these genes showed restricted(More)
PURPOSE Phase I: To determine the maximum tolerated doses, toxicities, and pharmacokinetics of imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) in patients with malignant gliomas taking enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAED) or not taking EIAED. Phase II: To determine the therapeutic efficacy of imatinib. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Phase I component used an interpatient dose(More)
The sequential appearance of neurons and glia in the vertebrate central nervous system may be governed by competition between growth factor signaling pathways and downstream transcription factors. In cortical progenitor cell cultures, the proneural basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor Ngn1 suppresses formation of astrocytes by sequestering(More)