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INTRODUCTION Present implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have algorithms that discriminate supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) from ventricular tachycardia (VT). One type of algorithm is based on differences in morphology of ventricular electrograms during VT and SVT. Prior SVT-VT discrimination algorithms have not undergone real-time evaluation(More)
Using a new method for long-term recording of monophasic action potentials from the human heart, we studied in 17 patients the effects on ventricular action potential duration (APD) of three clinically pertinent cycle length perturbations: (1) single extrastimuli, (2) abrupt sustained rate acceleration and deceleration, and (3) different steady-state cycle(More)
OBJECTIVES Sudden deaths proximate to use of conducted electrical weapons (CEWs) have been attributed to cardiac electrical stimulation. The rhythm in death caused by rapid, cardiac electrical stimulation usually is ventricular fibrillation (VF); electrical stimulation has not been reported to cause asystole or pulseless electrical activity (PEA). The(More)
To reduce inappropriate therapy of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) include algorithms to discriminate ventricular tachycardia (VT) from SVT. Dual-chamber algorithms analyze atrial and ventricular rates or AV relationship. They provide advantages over single-chamber algorithms, but introduce new ways to(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical significance of underdetection in 125 patients treated with a tiered-therapy cardioverter-defibrillator, the Medtronic PCD. BACKGROUND Underdetection, distinct from undersensing, is a unique, potential complication of new algorithms that enhance specificity in tiered-therapy(More)
For defibrillation between right ventricular and retropectoral patch electrodes using truncated exponential pulses, the stored energy defibrillation threshold (DFT) is lower for short pulses from small 60-microF capacitors than for conventional pulses from 120-microF capacitors, but 60-microF pulses frequently require higher voltages than are currently(More)
BACKGROUND To distinguish prolonged episodes of atrial fibrillation (AF) that require cardioversion from self-terminating episodes that do not, an atrial implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) must be able to detect AF continuously for extended periods. The ICD should discriminate between atrial tachycardia/flutter (AT), which may be terminated by(More)
The long-term outcome of 241 survivors of out of hospital ventricular fibrillation who underwent programmed electrical stimulation was evaluated. Patients were categorized according to the rhythm induced at baseline drug-free electrophysiologic testing. Ventricular fibrillation was induced in 39 patients (16%) (Group 1), sustained ventricular tachycardia in(More)
We analyzed data from 239 patients with sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation to determine prognosis, predictors of survival, and the prognostic value of inducing arrhythmia and assessing therapy at the time of electrophysiologic study. Therapy predicted to be effective on the basis of electrophysiologic study was administered over a(More)