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INTRODUCTION Present implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have algorithms that discriminate supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) from ventricular tachycardia (VT). One type of algorithm is based on differences in morphology of ventricular electrograms during VT and SVT. Prior SVT-VT discrimination algorithms have not undergone real-time evaluation(More)
For defibrillation between right ventricular and retropectoral patch electrodes using truncated exponential pulses, the stored energy defibrillation threshold (DFT) is lower for short pulses from small 60-microF capacitors than for conventional pulses from 120-microF capacitors, but 60-microF pulses frequently require higher voltages than are currently(More)
Using a new method for long-term recording of monophasic action potentials from the human heart, we studied in 17 patients the effects on ventricular action potential duration (APD) of three clinically pertinent cycle length perturbations: (1) single extrastimuli, (2) abrupt sustained rate acceleration and deceleration, and (3) different steady-state cycle(More)
To reduce inappropriate therapy of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) include algorithms to discriminate ventricular tachycardia (VT) from SVT. Dual-chamber algorithms analyze atrial and ventricular rates or AV relationship. They provide advantages over single-chamber algorithms, but introduce new ways to(More)
OBJECTIVES Sudden deaths proximate to use of conducted electrical weapons (CEWs) have been attributed to cardiac electrical stimulation. The rhythm in death caused by rapid, cardiac electrical stimulation usually is ventricular fibrillation (VF); electrical stimulation has not been reported to cause asystole or pulseless electrical activity (PEA). The(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical significance of underdetection in 125 patients treated with a tiered-therapy cardioverter-defibrillator, the Medtronic PCD. BACKGROUND Underdetection, distinct from undersensing, is a unique, potential complication of new algorithms that enhance specificity in tiered-therapy(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms by which 60-Hz alternating current (AC) can induce ventricular fibrillation (VF) are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 7 isolated perfused swine right ventricles in vitro. The action potential duration restitution curve was determined. Optical mapping techniques were used to determine the patterns of activation on the(More)
Ninety-six patients with recurrent, drug-refractory tachyarrhythmias were treated with amiodarone for 8.0 +/- 7.5 months (range 1 day to 27 months): 77 for recurrent ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF), two for complex ventricular ectopy, and 17 for supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. The actuarial incidence of successful amiodarone(More)
BACKGROUND To distinguish prolonged episodes of atrial fibrillation (AF) that require cardioversion from self-terminating episodes that do not, an atrial implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) must be able to detect AF continuously for extended periods. The ICD should discriminate between atrial tachycardia/flutter (AT), which may be terminated by(More)