Charles D. Swerdlow

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Using a new method for long-term recording of monophasic action potentials from the human heart, we studied in 17 patients the effects on ventricular action potential duration (APD) of three clinically pertinent cycle length perturbations: (1) single extrastimuli, (2) abrupt sustained rate acceleration and deceleration, and (3) different steady-state cycle(More)
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) has been induced at implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implant to ensure reliable sensing, detection, and defibrillation. Despite its risks, the value was self-evident for early ICDs: failure of defibrillation was common, recipients had a high risk of ventricular tachycardia (VT) or VF, and the only therapy for rapid(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to evaluate criteria for discrimination of ventricular tachycardia from atrial fibrillation and sinus tachycardia in a tiered-therapy cardioverter-defibrillator (Medtronic PCD). BACKGROUND Interval stability algorithms discriminate ventricular tachycardia from atrial fibrillation. Onset algorithms discriminate(More)
To reduce inappropriate therapy of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) include algorithms to discriminate ventricular tachycardia (VT) from SVT. Dual-chamber algorithms analyze atrial and ventricular rates or AV relationship. They provide advantages over single-chamber algorithms, but introduce new ways to(More)
Life-saving shocks are the raisons d’être of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). Paradoxically, shocks also cause much of the morbidity associated with ICDs. Consistently, shocks reduce quality of life,1,2 and rarely, they may cause proarrhythmia.3,4 Additionally, shocks have been reported to be associated with excess mortality.5 Experts(More)
BACKGROUND In the canine model, an upper limit of shock strength exists that can induce ventricular fibrillation during the vulnerable period of the cardiac cycle. This shock strength (the upper limit of vulnerability) closely correlates with the defibrillation threshold and supports the "upper limit of vulnerability" hypothesis of defibrillation. It is not(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The efficacy of a shock waveform for external defibrillation depends on the waveform characteristics. Recently, design principles based on cardiac electrophysiology have been developed to determine optimal waveform characteristics. The objective of this clinical trial was to evaluate the efficacy of principles-based monophasic and biphasic(More)
OBJECTIVE Both the startle reflex elicited by an intense acoustic or tactile stimulus and the perceived intensity of that stimulus can be diminished by a weak "prepulse" that precedes the startling stimulus. The present study examined whether prepulses can also diminish the pain produced by an intense electrical stimulus similar to that used to treat(More)
OBJECTIVES The study was performed to document that atrioventricular node reciprocating tachycardia (AVNRT) can be associated with eccentric retrograde left-sided activation, masquerading as tachycardia using a left accessory pathway. BACKGROUND The eccentric retrograde left-sided activation during tachycardia is thought to be diagnostic of the presence(More)