Charles D. Swerdlow

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Ninety-six patients with recurrent, drug-refractory tachyarrhythmias were treated with amiodarone for 8.0 +/- 7.5 months (range 1 day to 27 months): 77 for recurrent ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF), two for complex ventricular ectopy, and 17 for supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. The actuarial incidence of successful amiodarone(More)
BACKGROUND The primary method for monitoring implantable cardioverter-defibrillator lead integrity is periodic measurement of impedance. Sprint Fidelis leads are prone to pace-sense lead fractures, which commonly present as inappropriate shocks caused by oversensing. METHODS AND RESULTS We developed and tested an algorithm to enhance early identification(More)
OBJECTIVE Both the startle reflex elicited by an intense acoustic or tactile stimulus and the perceived intensity of that stimulus can be diminished by a weak "prepulse" that precedes the startling stimulus. The present study examined whether prepulses can also diminish the pain produced by an intense electrical stimulus similar to that used to treat(More)
BACKGROUND The national standard for safe 60-Hz intracardiac leakage current under a single-fault condition is 50 microA. This standard is intended to protect patients from alternating current (AC) at levels below the threshold for sensation, but the minimum unsafe level for AC in closed-chest humans is not known. To determine this value, we studied 40(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms by which 60-Hz alternating current (AC) can induce ventricular fibrillation (VF) are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 7 isolated perfused swine right ventricles in vitro. The action potential duration restitution curve was determined. Optical mapping techniques were used to determine the patterns of activation on the(More)
Long RP' supraventricular tachycardias (SVT) often demonstrate both slow and decremental conduction properties in the retrograde pathway of the reentrant circuit. The electrophysiologic properties of these pathways are poorly understood. We studied 10 patients with long RP' SVT (RP'/RR, 0.52 to 0.71); five had the unusual form of atrioventricular nodal(More)
T he Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial (MADIT) II and Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial (SCD-HeFT) prospectively tested the hypothesis that implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) could reduce mortality in patients at increased risk for sudden death from ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF). 1,2(More)
BACKGROUND The upper limit of vulnerability (ULV) is the weakest shock at which ventricular fibrillation (VF) is not induced by a T-wave shock. This study tested the hypothesis that a vulnerability safety margin based on the ULV can be used as an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation criterion. METHODS AND RESULTS Implantable(More)
We prospectively studied 196 consecutive survivors of out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation (VF) not associated with acute myocardial infarction and 46 consecutive, control patients without prior ventricular arrhythmias. Programmed stimulation included two extrastimuli (S3 protocol) in all patients and three extrastimuli (S4 protocol) in the last 140(More)