Charles Chamberlain

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Lung density patterns in a group of randomly selected, normal individuals were determined by computed tomography, using two methods: one measuring the density of the peripheral lung (parenchyma), and the other determining the density of the whole lung field. The effects of body position and respiratory phase, as well as patient age were assessed. The(More)
In this study we computed the radiation doses associated with scoliosis radiography and investigated how these radiation doses are influenced by the weight of the patient. We recorded the radiographic technique factors of 61 consecutive patients (46 females and 15 males) undergoing scoliosis radiography. A wedge-shaped aluminium filter attenuated the X-ray(More)
For routine noncontrast CT examinations of the head, we compared the radiation doses of infant patients aged no more than two years old, with those of "adults" defined as any patient whose weight was greater than 40 kg. Data were obtained for 23 infants, and an equal number of "adults," who underwent CT head examinations between May 1997 and March 1998.(More)
The delta-Scan 50 computed tomographic (CT) scanner has the ability to determine x-ray attenuation coefficients with a precision ranging from 0.3 to 2.6% depending upon such factors as patient size and scan diameter. Resolution is 20-80% greater than the pixel width, with values ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 mm. The collimating system determines certain(More)
Paraspinal muscle metastasis as initially suggested by an electromyographic pattern of isolated posterior primary ramus denervation and subsequently confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging has been reported. However, despite widespread systemic tumor dissemination, metastases to other skeletal muscle occurs infrequently. Uniquely, the paraspinal muscles are(More)
The authors describe a useful bolus material for therapy with high-energy photons and electrons (greater than 1 MeV). Qualities evaluated included flexibility, transparency, tissue equivalence (re radiation interactions), stability at high doses, durability, lack of toxicity, ease in cleaning, low flammability, and cost. Using a parallel-plate ionization(More)
A laser-produced plasma (LPP) x-ray source with possible application in mammography was created by focusing a laser beam on a Mo target. A Table-Top-Terawatt (TTT) laser operating at 1 J energy per pulse was employed. A dual pulse technique was used. Maximum energy transfer (approximately 10%) from laser light to hot electrons was reached at a 150 ps delay(More)
Scatter reduction by air gaps in mammography was investigated. We have experimentally demonstrated that, independently of the imaging geometry, scatter in air-gap mammography can be well described by a virtual source of scatter (VSS) model. This model postulates that scatter radiation originates from a virtual point source of scatter placed on the central(More)
A novel ultrafast-laser-based x-ray source is a promising candidate for replacement of a microfocal X-ray tube in a micro-CT system for small-animal imaging. We optimized conditions for x-ray generation from a very small (below 5 μm) focal spot. We measured x-ray spectra, conversion efficiency, x-ray fluence, and x-ray focal-spot size for a number of solid(More)