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OBJECTIVE Theories of human behavior from Plato to Freud have repeatedly emphasized links between emotion and reason, a relationship now commonly attributed to pathways connecting phylogenetically "old" and "new" brain regions. Expanding on this theory, this study examined functional interactions between specific limbic and neocortical regions accompanying(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) can be used to map brain regions that are active when a visual object (for example, a hand) is discriminated from its mirror form. Chronometric studies suggest that viewers 'solve' this visual shape task by mentally modelling it as a reaching task, implicitly moving their left hand into the orientation of any left-hand(More)
The relationship between pretreatment regional cerebral glucose metabolism and eventual antidepressant drug response was measured using positron emission tomography (PET) in hospitalized patients with unipolar depression. Rostral anterior cingulate metabolism uniquely differentiated eventual treatment responders from non-responders. Hypometabolism(More)
Cerebral blood flow PET scans and high-density event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded (separate sessions) while subjects viewed rapidly-presented, lower-visual-field, bilateral stimuli. Active attention to a designated side of the stimuli (relative to passive-viewing conditions) resulted in an enhanced ERP positivity (P1 effect) from 80-150 msec over(More)
A technique for calculating the uncertainty in the location of an activation site in a PET image, without performing repeated measures, is presented. With the development of new fMRI methods for measuring cerebral hemodynamics, demonstration of the efficacy of these techniques will be critical to establish clinical utility. Comparisons with PET are a(More)
Whole body hyperthermia may produce vasodialation, nausea, and altered cognitive function. Animal research has identified brain regions that have important roles in thermoregulation. However, differences in both the cognitive and sweating abilities of humans and animals implicate the need for human research. Positron emission tomography (PET) was used to(More)
In this work we use a computer simulation to estimate the magnitude of improvement in the signal-to-noise ratio of PET functional brain mapping studies as a function of partition coefficient and permeability surface product for O-14, F-17, and O-15 labeled flow tracers. A model for signal-to-noise ratio is derived from the Kety model for inert diffusible(More)
The purpose of this work was to determine the feasibility of using positron emitting isotopes that emit prompt gammas to acquire quantitative positron emission tomography (PET) data using standard PET instrumentation. Prompt gammas can contaminate PET data by increasing dead time, converting singles into invalid coincidences, and producing multiple(More)
In this work, a compartmental model to predict the concentration of hyperpolarized xenon (Xe) in the brain is developed based on the well established kinetics of Xe and estimated T1 values for the compartments. For the gaseous compartments, T1 was set to 12 seconds. For the tissue compartments, T1 was set to 6 seconds. Three gas delivery techniques were(More)
Fourteen compounds (fluoroalkanes and fluoroethers), including the two most utilized inhalation anesthetics Isoflurane (CF3CHClOCF2H) and Halothane (CF3CHBrCl), have been labeled with fluorine-18 via a facile 18F-for-19F exchange reaction. The compounds include ten inhalation anesthetics which span a ten-fold range in potency and four structurally related(More)