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Whereas it has been demonstrated that muscle and nonmuscle isoactins are segregated into distinct cytoplasmic domains, the mechanism regulating subcellular sorting is unknown (Herman, 1993a). To reveal whether isoform-specific actin-binding proteins function to coordinate these events, cell extracts derived from motile (Em) versus stationary (Es) cytoplasm(More)
With the advent of wireless technology, new tools are available that are intended to enhance students' learning and attitudes. To assess the effectiveness of wireless student response systems in the biology curriculum at New Mexico State University, a combined study of student attitudes and performance was undertaken. A survey of students in six biology(More)
The chromosomal passenger (CPC) and Centralspindlin complexes are essential for organizing the anaphase central spindle and providing cues that position the cytokinetic furrow between daughter nuclei. However, echinoderm zygotes are also capable of forming "Rappaport furrows" between asters positioned back-to-back without intervening chromosomes. To(More)
Anaphase, mitotic exit, and cytokinesis proceed in rapid succession, and while mitotic exit is a requirement for cytokinesis in yeast, it may not be a direct requirement for furrow initiation in animal cells. In this report, we physically manipulated the proximity of the mitotic apparatus (MA) to the cell cortex in combination with microinjection of(More)
Actin is a highly conserved protein in eukaryotes, yet different isoforms of this protein can be found within the same cell. To begin to explore whether isoactin sequence diversity leads to functional differences in actin filaments, we have examined the phalloidin binding kinetics and the bulk rheologic properties of purified actin isoforms from a variety(More)
Myosin II is the force-generating motor for cytokinesis, and although it is accepted that myosin contractility is greatest at the cell equator, the temporal and spatial cues that direct equatorial contractility are not known. Dividing sea urchin eggs were placed under compression to study myosin II-based contractile dynamics, and cells manipulated in this(More)
Whereas actin-binding proteins (ABPs) regulate network formation during the cell cycle, it is not known whether ABPs also function to sequester or target isoactins to specific subcellular compartments. Recently, we have shown that ezrin indirectly associates with beta, but not alpha actin filaments in a calcium- and cytochalasin-sensitive manner [Shuster(More)
There is increasing concern that animal and human reproduction may be adversely affected by exposure to xenoestrogens that activate estrogen receptors. There is evidence that one such compound, Bisphenol A (BPA), also induces meiotic and mitotic aneuploidy, suggesting that these kinds of molecules may also have effects on cell division. In an effort to(More)
One model for the timing of cytokinesis is based on findings that p34(cdc2) can phosphorylate myosin regulatory light chain (LC20) on inhibitory sites (serines 1 and 2) in vitro (Satterwhite, L.L., M.H. Lohka, K.L. Wilson, T.Y. Scherson, L.J. Cisek, J.L. Corden, and T.D. Pollard. 1992. J. Cell Biol. 118:595-605), and this inhibition is proposed to delay(More)
Structural simplification of an antimitotic natural product podophyllotoxin with mimetic heterocyclic scaffolds constructed using multicomponent reactions led to the identification of compounds exhibiting low nanomolar antiproliferative and apoptosis-inducing properties. The most potent compounds were found in the dihydropyridopyrazole,(More)