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The tumour suppressor gene p53 has been found to be mutated or inactivated at high frequency in several common human tumours. We have examined a series of exocrine pancreatic carcinomas for over-expression of mutant forms of p53 by immunohistochemistry with a panel of specific antibodies. We found immunodetectable p53 in 13 of 22 (60%) frozen pancreatic(More)
We present a novel streaming algorithm for evaluating XPath expressions that use backward axes (parent and ancestor) and forward axes in a single document-order traversal of an XML document. We show through experiments that our algorithm significantly outperforms (by more than a factor of two) a traditional non-streaming XPath engine. Furthermore, since our(More)
The Digital Divide prevents Africa from taking advantages of new information technologies. One of the most urgent priorities is to bring the Internet in African Universities, Research, and Learning Centres to the level of other regions of the world. eGY-Africa, and the Sharing Knowledge Foundation are two bottom-up initiatives by scientists to secure better(More)
Loss of the RB1 gene is an important event in the initiation and progression of many tumours. Prostate tissue from 43 patients with prostate cancers and ten with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) were studied for loss of heterozygosity of the RB1 gene. Four intragenic polymorphic loci were studied with two techniques. These were restriction fragment length(More)
The gene for the alpha polypeptide chain (alpha s) of the heterotrimeric G protein Gs can be activated to the putative oncogene gsp by specific point mutations at codons 201 and 227. Such mutations have been reported in 40% of human growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas and in a single autonomously functioning thyroid adenoma. We examined an archival(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and its ligands are thought to be important in the control of proliferation of many epithelial systems, including the exocrine pancreas. Abnormalities in expression of two of the known ligands of the EGFR, transforming growth factor alpha and epidermal growth factor, occur frequently in ductal adenocarcinoma of(More)
Abnormalities of the type 1 growth factor receptor family have been implicated in the pathogenesis of pancreatic cancer. There is evidence for a potential autocrine loop involving overexpression of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor and its ligands, as well as overexpression of the erbB-2 receptor. A third member of this receptor family, erbB-3, has(More)
Overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been reported as an important molecular abnormality in human pancreatic cancer. There is in vitro evidence that simultaneous overproduction of one of its ligands, transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha), might result in an autocrine loop with an increased proliferation signal. We(More)
BACKGROUND Eniluracil is an effective inactivator of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase, the initial and rate limiting enzyme in the catabolism of fluorouracil. The current study was done to determine the objective tumour response of a 28-day oral regimen of eniluracil-fluorouracil in patients with advanced breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a(More)