Charles B. Wenger

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Eight subjects underwent an exercise training program (10 days at 75% VO2max for 1 h/day at 25 degrees C db/13 degrees C wb) and a heat-acclimation program (10 days at 50% VO2max for 1 h/day at 35 degrees C db/32 degrees C wb). The relations of chest sweat rate and of forearm blood flow to internal temperature were determined for each subject at a 25(More)
To determine the influence of hydration state upon circulatory controls, we studied four relatively fit subjects during duplicate 30-min cycle ergometer exercise bouts (55% VO2max) in euhydrated, hypohydrated, and hyperhydrated conditions. Ambient temperature was 35 degrees C. Hypohydration was achieved by 4 days of diuretic administration and resulted in a(More)
Three relatively fit subjects performed duplicate 20- to 25-min cycle ergometer exercise bouts at moderate and heavy intensities (40% and 70% Vo2 max) in ambient temperatures of 20, 26, and 36 degrees C. They approached a steady state in internal body temperature (Tes) in all but the heavy exercise in the heat, where Tes rose consistently, averaging 38.84(More)
A matched population-based case-control study was conducted on exertional heat illness (EHI) in male Marine Corps recruits in basic training at Parris Island, SC. Physical fitness and anthropometric measurements were obtained for 391 of 528 cases of EHI identified in this population during 1988-1992, and 1467 of 1725 controls matched to cases by initial(More)
This study examined gene expression changes associated with exertional heat injury (EHI) in vivo and compared these changes to in vitro heat shock responses previously reported by our laboratory. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) RNA was obtained from four male Marine recruits (ages 17-19 yr) who presented with symptoms consistent with EHI, core(More)
Exercise-related hyponatremia is an infrequent but potentially life-threatening accompaniment of prolonged exercise. This condition results from sodium losses in sweat, excessive water intake, or both. We review the risk factors for development of this condition and discuss evidence that there is a population at increased risk of hyponatremia during(More)
To characterize the changes in the control of the heat loss responses associated with the circadian variation in body temperature, we studied five men during 20 min of exercise in 25 degrees C on 6 separate days. Experiments were conducted at six times, equally spaced over the 24-h day. Esophageal temperature (Tes) and chest sweat rate (msw) were measured(More)
To study the effect of hyperosmolality on thermoregulatory responses, five men [average maximal O2 consumption (VO2 max) = 48 ml X kg-1 X min-1] cycled at 65-75% VO2max for up to 30 min in a 30 degrees C, 40% relative humidity environment under three conditions. First, control tests (C) were performed where preexercise plasma volume (PV) and osmolality(More)
In Figure 13 we have tried to summarize the interactions of thermal and nonthermal control of effector responses, the effects these responses have on the body during exercise, and the ways the changing state of the body feeds back on the central control systems. These systems were depicted in Figure 3 and are included in condensed form in Figure 13.(More)
A 4-wk training program was undertaken by 15 untrained non-heat-acclimated males who were divided into three groups matched on maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) and trained either in water or on land to determine how physical training (PT) in these different media affects heat tolerance. Subjects trained on a cycle ergometer for 1 h/day, 5 days/wk at 75%(More)