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Three men and three women were exposed to transients of air temperature (range, 16--48 degrees C). Whole-body sweating rate, local tissue heat flows, and O2 consumption in the cold were linearly related to a weighted sum of tympanic and mean skin temperatures, called "central drive," During changes in air temperature, changes in subjects' scaled estimates(More)
In Figure 13 we have tried to summarize the interactions of thermal and nonthermal control of effector responses, the effects these responses have on the body during exercise, and the ways the changing state of the body feeds back on the central control systems. These systems were depicted in Figure 3 and are included in condensed form in Figure 13.(More)
This study examined gene expression changes associated with exertional heat injury (EHI) in vivo and compared these changes to in vitro heat shock responses previously reported by our laboratory. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) RNA was obtained from four male Marine recruits (ages 17-19 yr) who presented with symptoms consistent with EHI, core(More)
To determine whether immune disturbances during exertional heat injury (EHI) could be distinguished from those due to exercise (E), peripheral lymphocyte subset distributions and phytohemagglutinin-stimulated CD69 mitogen responses as discriminated by flow cytometry were studied in military recruits [18.7 +/- 0.3 (SE) yr old] training in warm weather. An E(More)
Several authors have argued that skin blood flow (SkBF) during exercise is less than during rest at the same levels of body core and whole-body skin temperatures (Tc and Tsk). Since such an effect does not prevent SkBF during exercise from rising above pre-exercise levels, it is sometimes called a relative cutaneous vasoconstriction. Such a vasoconstriction(More)
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