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In Figure 13 we have tried to summarize the interactions of thermal and nonthermal control of effector responses, the effects these responses have on the body during exercise, and the ways the changing state of the body feeds back on the central control systems. These systems were depicted in Figure 3 and are included in condensed form in Figure 13.(More)
Eight subjects underwent an exercise training program (10 days at 75% VO2max for 1 h/day at 25 degrees C db/13 degrees C wb) and a heat-acclimation program (10 days at 50% VO2max for 1 h/day at 35 degrees C db/32 degrees C wb). The relations of chest sweat rate and of forearm blood flow to internal temperature were determined for each subject at a 25(More)
To characterize the changes in the control of the heat loss responses associated with the circadian variation in body temperature, we studied five men during 20 min of exercise in 25 degrees C on 6 separate days. Experiments were conducted at six times, equally spaced over the 24-h day. Esophageal temperature (Tes) and chest sweat rate (msw) were measured(More)
Three men and three women were exposed to transients of air temperature (range, 16--48 degrees C). Whole-body sweating rate, local tissue heat flows, and O2 consumption in the cold were linearly related to a weighted sum of tympanic and mean skin temperatures, called "central drive," During changes in air temperature, changes in subjects' scaled estimates(More)
Six subjects exercised on a bicycle ergometer at 60-70% of maximal aerobic power in a 25 degrees C ambient. Experiments on each subject were conducted at night (4:00-5:30 A.M.) and in daytime (noon-4:30 P.M.). Chest sweating rate (msw) was measured with resistance hygrometry. Forearm blood flow (BF), with an arm skin temperature of 35.5 +/- 1.2 degrees C(More)
A 4-wk training program was undertaken by 15 untrained non-heat-acclimated males who were divided into three groups matched on maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) and trained either in water or on land to determine how physical training (PT) in these different media affects heat tolerance. Subjects trained on a cycle ergometer for 1 h/day, 5 days/wk at 75%(More)
INTRODUCTION Exertional heat illness (EHI) is a recurrent problem for both male and female recruits during basic military training. A matched case control study investigated the effects of fitness and conditioning on EHI risk among Marine Corps recruits during 12 wk of basic training at Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, SC. METHODS Physical(More)
To determine whether immune disturbances during exertional heat injury (EHI) could be distinguished from those due to exercise (E), peripheral lymphocyte subset distributions and phytohemagglutinin-stimulated CD69 mitogen responses as discriminated by flow cytometry were studied in military recruits [18.7 +/- 0.3 (SE) yr old] training in warm weather. An E(More)