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CD44 is a broadly distributed cell surface protein thought to mediate cell attachment to extracelular matrix components or specific cell surface ligands. We have created soluble CD44-immunoglobulin fusion proteins and characterized their reactivity with tissue sections and lymph node high endothelial cells in primary culture. The CD44 target on high(More)
A cell adhesion model was previously used to select a series of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), which were subsequently found to recognize CD44/Pgp-1. Interest in these reagents increased with the finding that they totally inhibited production of lymphoid or myeloid cells in long-term bone marrow cultures. Further investigation has now revealed that(More)
In the present study, we have examined the distribution of the hyaluronate receptor as well as hyaluronate itself in a variety of adult tissues. The hyaluronate receptor was localized with a monoclonal antibody, termed K-3, while hyaluronate was localized using proteolytic fragments of cartilage proteoglycan. Staining with the K-3 monoclonal antibody(More)
The hyaluronan receptor belongs to the polymorphic family of CD44 glycoproteins, which have been implicated in a variety of cellular functions including adhesion to hyaluronan and collagen, the binding of lymphocytes to high endothelial cells during extravasation, and conferring metastatic potential to carcinoma cells. Here, we demonstrate that the receptor(More)
Tachyplesin is an antimicrobial peptide present in leukocytes of the horseshoe crab (Tachypleus tridentatus). In this study, a synthetic tachyplesin conjugated to the integrin homing domain RGD was tested for antitumor activity. The in vitro results showed that RGD-tachyplesin inhibited the proliferation of both cultured tumor and endothelial cells and(More)
Tachyplesin is a small, cationic peptide that possesses antitumor properties. However, little is known about its action mechanism. We used phage display to identify a protein that interacted with tachyplesin and isolated a sequence corresponding to the collagen-like domain of C1q, a key component in the complement pathway. Their interaction was subsequently(More)
The present study was undertaken to determine the relationship between the hyaluronate receptor and CD44 (H-CAM), cell-surface glycoproteins of similar molecular weights that have been implicated in cell adhesion. In initial experiments, a panel of monoclonal antibodies directed against CD44 were tested for their ability to cross react with the hyaluronate(More)
The cell-surface receptor for hyaluronate is an integral membrane glycoprotein of Mr 85,000 (Underhill, C. B., A. L. Thurn, and B. E. Lacy, 1985, J. Biol. Chem., 260:8128-8133) that is thought to mediate many of the effects that hyaluronate has on cell behavior, such as migration, angiogenesis, and phagocytosis. To determine if the receptor is associated(More)
The binding of hyaluronate to SV-3T3 cells was measured by incubating a suspension of cells (released from the substratum with EDTA) with 3H-labeled hyaluronate and then applying the suspension to glass fiber filters which retained the cells and the bound hyaluronate. The extent of binding was a function of both the concentration of labeled hyaluronate and(More)
Hyaluronan synthase 3 (HAS3) is responsible for the production of both secreted and cell-associated forms of hyaluronan and is the most active of the three isoforms of this enzyme in adults. In this study, the cDNA for human HAS3 was cloned and characterized. The open reading frame consisted of 1659 bp coding for 553 amino acids with a deduced molecular(More)