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OBJECTIVE To answer the question 'does TNF blockade therapy enable people with severe AS to return to work or work more productively?'. METHODS All patients with AS currently receiving anti-TNF therapy at two UK Hospitals were asked to complete a questionnaire. This asked about occupational history, type of work, degree of job-related physical activity,(More)
The rise of inorganic-biological hybrid organisms for solar-to-chemical production has spurred mechanistic investigations into the dynamics of the biotic-abiotic interface to drive the development of next-generation systems. The model system, Moorella thermoacetica-cadmium sulfide (CdS), combines an inorganic semiconductor nanoparticle light harvester with(More)
Many properties of chemical reactions are determined by the transition state connecting reactant and product, yet it is difficult to directly obtain any information about these short-lived structures in liquids. We show that two-dimensional infrared (2D-IR) spectroscopy can provide direct information about transition states by tracking the transformation of(More)
We report the observation of a solvent-dependent spin state equilibrium in the 16-electron photoproduct CpCo(CO). Time-resolved infrared spectroscopy has been used to observe the concurrent formation of two distinct solvated monocarbonyl photoproducts, both of which arise from the same triplet CpCo(CO) precursor. Experiments in different solvent(More)
The reactivity of triplet 16-electron organometallic species has been studied in room-temperature solution using femtosecond UV pump IR probe spectroscopy. Specifically, the Si-H bond-activation reaction of photogenerated triplet Fe(CO)(4) and triplet CpCo(CO) with triethylsilane has been characterized and compared to the known singlet species CpRh(CO). The(More)
The mechanism of intermolecular ligand exchange has been studied using transition path sampling (TPS) based molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Specifically, the exchange of solvent molecules bound to unsaturated Cr(CO)5 in methanol solution has been investigated. The results of the TPS simulations have shown that there are multiple steps in the reaction(More)
Recently, transition-metal-boryl compounds have been reported that selectively functionalize primary C-H bonds in alkanes in high yield. We have investigated this process with one of the well-defined systems that reacts under photochemical conditions using both density functional theory calculations and pico- through microsecond time-resolved IR(More)
Extensive chemical, spectrophotometric, and x-ray structural studies have shown that trivalent rhenium is strongly homophilic-that is, it tends to form bonds to other Re(111) atoms-and it forms at least three different series of [ReX(4)](n)(n-) complexes. The mononuclear, square complex, [ReBr(4)](-), adds two water molecules to give(More)
A phthalocyanine/Ag(111) interface state is observed for the first time using time- and angle-resolved two-photon photoemission. For monolayer films of metal-free (H2Pc) and iron phthalocyanine (FePc) on Ag(111), the state exists 0.23 ± 0.03 and 0.31 ± 0.03 eV above the Fermi level, respectively. Angle-resolved spectra show the state to be highly dispersive(More)