Charles B. Carpenter

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The development of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1)/simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) chimeric virus macaque model (SHIV) permits the in vivo evaluation of anti-HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein immune responses. Using this model, others, and we have shown that passively infused antibody can protect against an intravenous challenge. However, HIV-1 is(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the regulation of inflammation and in the progression of chronic kidney disease. Accumulation of inflammatory cells into the renal parenchyma has been a hallmark of chronic kidney disease; however, little is known concerning the presence and the function of RAS elements in T and natural killer(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that T cells primed by processed donor major histocompatibility complex antigen (the "indirect" pathway of allorecognition) may be responsible for mediating chronic allograft rejection. The purpose of this study was to develop a clinically useful assay to study the occurrence of indirect allorecognition during chronic(More)
Components of the complement system are known to play an important role in the cytolytic process and in chemotaxis of leukocytes. Cobra venom factor specifically cleaves C3 activity via activation of the alternative (properdin) complement pathway. It does not act directly on C3. If C3 is involved in tissue necrosis after ischemic injury, cobra venom factor(More)
Cyclosporine, a cyclic endecapeptide of fungal origin, has recently been released for use in clinical transplantation. Trials in kidney, heart, liver and bone marrow recipients were encouraging: 1-year graft survival rates were 70% to 80% for kidney and heart recipients, and 60% to 65% for liver allograft recipients. Cyclosporine is also effective in(More)
The relationship of the genes coding for HLA to those coding for properdin Factor B allotypes and for deficiency of the second component of complement (C2) was studied in families of patients with connective tissue disorders. Patients were selected because they were heterozygous or homozygous for C2 deficiency. 12 families with 15 matings informative for C2(More)
The BB rat develops a syndrome of autoimmune diabetes similar to Type I diabetes of man. It also has a severe T cell lymphopenia. As part of an ongoing breeding program to transfer the diabetogenic genes of the BB rat onto inbred rat strain backgrounds, diabetic animals were used in a backcross (BC)- intercross (IC)-backcross breeding scheme with Brown(More)
We investigated an immunologic mechanism that might explain the apparent "tolerant" state of the mother during pregnancy. Cellular-immune reactivity in vitro to paternal alloantigens was demonstrated in multigravid women by production of lymphocyte migration inhibitory factor. Serum from normal multigravid women contained a factor that blocked production of(More)