Charles B. Carpenter

Learn More
Blocking the CD28-B7 T cell costimulatory pathway with the fusion protein CTLA4Ig inhibits alloimmune responses in vitro and in vivo and induces tolerance to cardiac allografts in mice and rats, but the mechanisms mediating the tolerant state in vivo are unknown. Here, we report the effects and potential mechanisms of CTLA4Ig in the rat renal allograft(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an experimental model for the study of multiple sclerosis, is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that can be induced in a number of species by immunization with myelin basic protein (MBP). MBP-reactive CD4+ T cells, predominantly expressing the V beta 8.2 T cell receptor (TCR), migrate from(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system that can be induced in a number of species by immunization with myelin basic protein (MBP) in adjuvant, and serves as an experimental model for the study of multiple sclerosis. The role of the thymus in acquired tolerance in autoimmune models has not(More)
The BB rat develops a syndrome of autoimmune diabetes similar to Type I diabetes of man. It also has a severe T cell lymphopenia. As part of an ongoing breeding program to transfer the diabetogenic genes of the BB rat onto inbred rat strain backgrounds, diabetic animals were used in a backcross (BC)- intercross (IC)-backcross breeding scheme with Brown(More)
Physiologic concentrations of insulin enhance the ability of cytotoxic lymphocytes to injure target cells. The effect of insulin closely resembles the action of cholinomimetics and guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate upon this system. Since both insulin and cholinomimetics elevate intracellular concentrations of guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate, a common mode of(More)
Blocking the CD28-B7 T cell costimulatory pathway with the fusion protein CTLA4Ig inhibits alloimmune responses in vitro and in vivo and induces tolerance to cardiac allografts in mice and rats, but the mechanisms mediating the tolerant state in vivo are unknown. Here, we report the effects and potential mechanisms of CTLA4Ig in the rat renal allograft(More)
Prolonged survival of vascularized organ allografts has been produced in unmodified inbred rats by transfer of thymocytes from enhanced, engrafted, syngeneic animals. For these thymocytes to increase significantly the survival of test allografts they must be harvested 6-9 d after transplantation. Thymectomy of the enhanced, engrafted animals during the same(More)
The ability of a hyperimmune Lew anti-BN serum (HIS) to induce enhancement of (Lew/BN)F1 kidneys transplanted into Lew recipients was compared to that of the same antiserum that had been depleted of hemagglutinating anti-Ag-B antibodies by absorption with Brown-Norway (BN) RBC-absorbed sera (RAS) or platelet-absorbed sera (PAS). The RAS and PAS were as(More)