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A near-full-length casbene synthase cDNA clone, pCS7, was isolated by using a partial cDNA clone, pCS4, to probe a lambda gt10 library constructed from poly(A)+ RNA from elicited castor bean seedlings. The cDNA insert had a length of 1983 bases with a polyadenylate tail of 19 bases. Translation of the cDNA sequence revealed an open reading frame encoding a(More)
The application of the epicutaneous antigen oxazolone results in persistent induration and erythema; however, the relative changes in lymph and blood flow in the inflammatory skin are largely unknown. To define the contribution of lymph and blood flow to the clinical appearance of cutaneous inflammation, we studied the sheep ear after the application of(More)
The plant growth retardant alpha-cyclopropyl-alpha-(4-methyoxyphenyl)-5-pyrimidine methyl alcohol (ancymidol) and a series of analogs of this substance in which one or more of the substituents were varied were tested for their comparative biological activity. The compounds were tested as inhibitors of internode elongation in peas and as inhibitors of the(More)
The distribution of adenosine deaminase and adenosine deaminase complexing protein in rabbit heart has been compared using immunohistochemical staining procedures. Sections (4-5 microns) of tissue fixed in Clarke's solution or paraformaldehyde and embedded in paraffin were stained by the peroxidase anti-peroxidase method for adenosine deaminase or(More)
Casbene synthetase from 67-hour seedlings of Ricinis communis L. which had been treated with Rhizopus stolonifer spores was purified 700-fold by a combination of ammonium sulfate fractionation, QAE A-50 Sephadex chromatography, and G-100 Sephadex chromatography. Polyacrylamide disc gel electrophoresis revealed that the purified fraction was heterogeneous.(More)
The migration of lymphocytes into inflammatory tissue requires the migrating cell to overcome mechanical forces produced by blood flow. A generally accepted hypothesis is that these forces are overcome by a multistep sequence of adhesive interactions between lymphocytes and endothelial cells. This hypothesis has been recently challenged by results(More)
Suspension cultures of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) which have been treated with pectic fragment elicitor rapidly accumulate lignin as measured by derivatization with thioglycolic acid. The responsiveness of cultured cells to elicitor is dependent on the stage of culture growth. In 6-day (maximally responsive) cultures, increases in lignin are first(More)
Cell-free extracts of UV-irradiated rice (Oryza sativa L.) leaves have a much greater capacity for the synthesis from geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate of diterpene hydrocarbons, including the putative precursors of rice phytoalexins, than extracts of unstressed leaves (KA Wickham, CA West [1992] Arch Biochem Biophys 293: 320-332). An elicitor bioassay was(More)
The rates of oxidation of ent-kaur-16-ene to ent-kaur-16-en-19-ol, ent-kaur-16-en-19-al, ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid, and ent-kaur-16-en-7alpha-ol-19-oic acid are maximal in microsomes prepared from the endosperm of immature Marah macrocarpus seeds in which the cotyledons are approximately one-half the overall length of the seed. The supernatant fraction(More)