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BACKGROUND The third edition of the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICD-O-3), which was published in 2000, introduced major changes in coding and classification of neoplasms, notably for leukemias and lymphomas, which are important groups of cancer types that occur in childhood. This necessitated a third revision of the 1996(More)
Sarcomas are a heterogeneous group of malignant neoplasms arising from mesenchymal cells which encompass dozens of histological types and can occur in virtually any anatomic site. They form one of the principal groups of rare cancers in Europe as defined in the RARECARE project. We analysed 45,568 incident cases diagnosed during 1995-2002 and registered by(More)
CONTEXT Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk of premature mortality compared with the general population, but little is known about the long-term risks of specific causes of death, particularly beyond 25 years from diagnosis at ages when background mortality in the general population starts to increase substantially. OBJECTIVE To(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether population mixing produced by large, non-nuclear construction projects in rural areas is associated with an increase in childhood leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. DESIGN A study of the incidence of leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among children living near large construction projects in Britain since 1945, situated(More)
The National Registry of Childhood Tumours contains population-based data on childhood cancers diagnosed throughout Great Britain from 1962 onwards. This paper describes the methodology of the Registry, presents incidence rates for 1978-1987 and describes other uses of the data. Total age-standardised annual incidence was 118.3 per million. The most(More)
Between 1977 and 1984 the proportion of children with malignant disease in Britain initially referred to specialist paediatric oncology centres increased from 44% to 71%. The percentage varied considerably with type of disease and region of residence. Children with acute non-lymphoblastic leukaemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Ewing's tumour, rhabdomyosarcoma,(More)
BACKGROUND EUROCARE-3 collected data from 45 population-based cancer registries in 20 countries on 24 620 European children aged from 0 to 14 years diagnosed with malignancy in the period 1990-1994. METHODS Five-year survival between countries was compared for all malignancies and for the major diagnostic categories, adjusting for age, and estimated(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer is rare before age 20 years. We aimed to use the European database of childhood and adolescent cancer cases, within the Automated Childhood Cancer Information System project, to estimate patterns and trends of incidence and survival within Europe. METHODS Comparable, high-quality data from 63 European population-based cancer registries(More)
BACKGROUND Constitutional DICER1 mutations were recently reported to cause familial pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB). AIM To investigate the contribution and phenotypic spectrum of constitutional and somatic DICER1 mutations to cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS The authors sequenced DICER1 in constitutional DNA from 823 unrelated patients with a variety of(More)
The inter-regional epidemiological study of childhood cancer analysed data on 234 children diagnosed with leukaemia or lymphoma and 468 controls matched for age and sex. A wide range of potential risk factors was examined, including prenatal exposure to x rays, maternal drug ingestion and smoking, child's medical history, and parental medical conditions and(More)