Charles A. Rosen

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Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is one of man's commonest hereditary diseases. Several studies have implicated a defect in DNA mismatch repair in the pathogenesis of this disease. In particular, hMSH2 and hMLH1 homologues of the bacterial DNA mismatch repair genes mutS and mutL, respectively, were shown to be mutated in a subset of HNPCC(More)
Some cases of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) are due to alterations in a mutS-related mismatch repair gene. A search of a large database of expressed sequence tags derived from random complementary DNA clones revealed three additional human mismatch repair genes, all related to the bacterial mutL gene. One of these genes (hMLH1) resides(More)
Oxidative stress and expression of the vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) on vascular endothelial cells are early features in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and other inflammatory diseases. Regulation of VCAM-1 gene expression may be coupled to oxidative stress through specific reduction-oxidation (redox) sensitive transcriptional or(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8), a chemotactic cytokine for T lymphocytes and neutrophils, is induced in several cell types by a variety of stimuli including the inflammatory cytokines IL-1 and tumor necrosis factor alpha TNF-alpha. Several cis elements, including a binding site for the inducible transcription factor NF-kappa B, have been identified in the regulatory(More)
We have isolated a mutant, mts2, in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe which is defective in chromosome segregation. The predicted amino-acid sequence of the cloned mts2+ gene product is 75% identical to the S4 subunit of the human 26S ATP/ubiquitin-dependent protease. The human S4 subunit complementary DNA expressed from an S. pombe expression(More)
Transcriptional activation of the IL-8 gene by several inflammatory mediators, including the cytokines IL-1 and TNF-alpha, is mediated through sequences located between nucleotide -94 and -71 of the IL-8 promoter. Because adjacent binding sites for the inducible transcription factors NF-kappa B and NF-IL-6 are located within this region, we examined the(More)
Analysis of the p50 and p65 subunits of the NF-kappa B transcription factor complex has revealed that both proteins can interact with related DNA sequences through either homo- or heterodimer formation. In addition, the product of the proto-oncogene c-rel can bind to similar DNA motifs by itself or as a heterodimer with p50 or p65. However, these studies(More)
NF-kappa B is an inducible transcription factor comprised of a 50-kD (p50) and a 65-kD (p65) subunit. Induction of NF-kappa B activity, which is a critical event in many signal transduction pathways, involves release from a cytoplasmic inhibitory protein, I kappa B, followed by translocation of the active transcription factor complex into the nucleus.(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus rev gene product regulates the expression of viral structural genes. It was recently shown that Rev regulates the export of viral structural mRNAs from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Analysis of Rev subcellular localization reveals marked accumulation in the nucleolus, suggesting a role for the nucleolus in this export(More)
The envelope of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) plays a central role in the process of virus entry into the host cell and in the cytopathicity of the virus for lymphocytes bearing the CD4 molecule. Mutations that affect the ability of the envelope glycoprotein to form syncytia in CD4+ cells can be divided into five groups: those that(More)