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Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is one of man's commonest hereditary diseases. Several studies have implicated a defect in DNA mismatch repair in the pathogenesis of this disease. In particular, hMSH2 and hMLH1 homologues of the bacterial DNA mismatch repair genes mutS and mutL, respectively, were shown to be mutated in a subset of HNPCC(More)
The Tat protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) trans-activates viral gene expression and is obligatory for virus replication. Tat function is mediated through a sequence termed TAR that comprises part of the 5'-noncoding region of all HIV-1 mRNAs. This region forms a stable stem-loop structure in vitro. Recent evidence indicates that Tat(More)
Some cases of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) are due to alterations in a mutS-related mismatch repair gene. A search of a large database of expressed sequence tags derived from random complementary DNA clones revealed three additional human mismatch repair genes, all related to the bacterial mutL gene. One of these genes (hMLH1) resides(More)
We have isolated a mutant, mts2, in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe which is defective in chromosome segregation. The predicted amino-acid sequence of the cloned mts2+ gene product is 75% identical to the S4 subunit of the human 26S ATP/ubiquitin-dependent protease. The human S4 subunit complementary DNA expressed from an S. pombe expression(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8), a chemotactic cytokine for T lymphocytes and neutrophils, is induced in several cell types by a variety of stimuli including the inflammatory cytokines IL-1 and tumor necrosis factor alpha TNF-alpha. Several cis elements, including a binding site for the inducible transcription factor NF-kappa B, have been identified in the regulatory(More)
Oxidative stress and expression of the vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) on vascular endothelial cells are early features in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and other inflammatory diseases. Regulation of VCAM-1 gene expression may be coupled to oxidative stress through specific reduction-oxidation (redox) sensitive transcriptional or(More)
The transcription initiation signals for retroviruses lie within the long terminal repeat (LTR) sequences that flank the integrated provirus. Two subtypes of human T lymphotropic virus (HTLV) are associated with different disease phenotypes. In this article it is shown that marked differences exist in the ability of LTR sequences of these subtypes to(More)
The ubiquitous transcription factor NF-kappaB is an essential component in signal transduction pathways, in inflammation, and in the immune response. NF-kappaB is maintained in an inactive state in the cytoplasm by protein-protein interaction with IkappaBalpha. Upon stimulation, rapid degradation of IkappaBalpha allows nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB. To(More)
NF-kappa B is an inducible transcription factor comprised of a 50-kD (p50) and a 65-kD (p65) subunit. Induction of NF-kappa B activity, which is a critical event in many signal transduction pathways, involves release from a cytoplasmic inhibitory protein, I kappa B, followed by translocation of the active transcription factor complex into the nucleus.(More)