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BACKGROUND We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine the effects of oral cyclophosphamide on lung function and health-related symptoms in patients with evidence of active alveolitis and scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease. METHODS At 13 clinical centers throughout the United States, we enrolled 158 patients(More)
RATIONALE The Scleroderma Lung Study enrolled 158 patients with scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease in a placebo-controlled trial of oral cyclophosphamide (CYC). Although treatment-related benefits in pulmonary function, skin scores, and patient-centered outcomes were demonstrated after 1 year of therapy, the duration of benefit beyond 1 year was(More)
BACKGROUND 12 months of oral cyclophosphamide has been shown to alter the progression of scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease when compared with placebo. However, toxicity was a concern and without continued treatment the efficacy disappeared by 24 months. We hypothesised that a 2 year course of mycophenolate mofetil would be safer, better(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of cyclophosphamide (CYC) on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with scleroderma after 12 months of treatment. METHODS One hundred fifty-eight subjects participated in the Scleroderma Lung Study, with 79 each randomized to CYC and placebo arms. The study evaluated the results of 3 measures of health(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) serological testing with antigen complexes, although very sensitive, is not always as specific due to reactive serum antibodies in patients with inactive TB or nontuberculous infections. Since the use of recombinant M. tuberculosis proteins may enhance specificity, this study was designed to evaluate a novel 34 kDa tuberculosis(More)
A case of a recurrent bronchogenic cyst in a 42-year-old woman 25 years after original resection led to a review of the therapeutic modalities for the management of bronchogenic cysts. Recurrence of bronchogenic cysts is a reason for complete surgical excision of symptomatic bronchogenic cysts at initial presentation. If either asymptomatic or symptomatic(More)
The diagnostic yield of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus has been reported to be 95 percent, but falls to 62 percent in patients receiving aerosolized pentamidine. Because aerosolized pentamidine appears to be preferentially deposited in the middle and lower lobes,(More)
BACKGROUND The determination of competency of trainees in programs performing bronchoscopy is quite variable. Some programs provide didactic lectures with hands-on supervision, other programs incorporate advanced simulation centers, whereas others have a checklist approach. Although no single method has been proven best, the variability alone suggests that(More)
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) subjects have many systemic complaints including shortness of breath. Dyspnea was compared in two CFS and control cohorts to characterize pathophysiology. Cohort 1 of 257 CFS and 456 control subjects were compared using the Medical Research Council chronic Dyspnea Scale (MRC Score; range 0-5). Cohort 2 of 106 CFS and 90(More)