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Retrospective comparisons of the prevalence and age, where appropriate, of some childhood infectious illnesses and vaccinations, together with serological evidence for exposure to 16 viruses, many of which have previously been implicated in the aetiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) were made in 177 patients with acute optic neuritis, other recent isolated(More)
A comparison was made of the virulence in vivo and the infectivity in vitro for macrophages of (i) tissue culture-passed mouse cytomegalovirus (MCMV), (ii) salivary gland virus taken 3 weeks after infection (SGV 3w), and (iii) salivary gland virus taken 1 week after infection (SGV 1w). Salivary gland virus (3w) is known to be coated with non-neutralizing(More)
A cytopathic agent indistinguishable from rubella virus was isolated from the synovial fluid of five patients (two male and three female). In two patients isolations were made on two separate occasions, and in two others on five separate occasions. The patients ranged in age from 9-58 years, and they presented with a variety of clinical syndromes. In(More)
The solar-to-chemical energy conversion of greenhouse gas CO2 into carbon-based fuels is a very important research challenge, with implications for both climate change and energy security. Herein, the key attributes of hydroxides and oxygen vacancies are experimentally identified in non-stoichiometric indium oxide nanoparticles, In2O3-x(OH)y, that function(More)
A significant reduction in the incidence of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) in SJL/J mice was observed when mice were infected with lactic dehydrogenase virus (LDV) 14 days before, on day 0, or 3 days after immunization with spinal cord homogenate. These results are discussed in terms of the selective infection by LDV of I-region-associated(More)
Silicon constitutes 28% of the earth's mass. Its high abundance, lack of toxicity and low cost coupled with its electrical and optical properties, make silicon unique among the semiconductors for converting sunlight into electricity. In the quest for semiconductors that can make chemicals and fuels from sunlight and carbon dioxide, unfortunately the best(More)
Gaseous CO2 is transformed photochemically and thermochemically in the presence of H2 to CH4 at millimole per hour per gram of catalyst conversion rates, using visible and near-infrared photons. The catalyst used to drive this reaction comprises black silicon nanowire supported ruthenium. These results represent a step towards engineering broadband solar(More)
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