Charles A. Manire

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There is growing interest in the mating systems of sharks and their relatives (Class Chondrichthyes) because these ancient fishes occupy a key position in vertebrate phylogeny and are increasingly in need of conservation due to widespread overexploitation. Based on precious few genetic and field observational studies, current speculation is that polyandrous(More)
The bonnethead shark Sphyrna tiburo reproduces by placental viviparity with one of the shortest gestation periods (4.5-5 months) known in sharks. In southwest Florida, mating in this species occurs in November, sperm is stored until ovulation/fertilization the following March-April, and parturition occurs in August. Serum concentrations of four steroid(More)
Herpesviruses are associated with lung-eye-trachea disease and gray patch disease in maricultured green turtles (Chelonia mydas) and with fibropapillomatosis in wild sea turtles of several species. With the exception fibropapillomatosis, no other diseases of wild sea turtles of any species have been associated with herpesviral infection. In the present(More)
Puberty is a critical, hormone-mediated event during which an animal acquires the ability to breed and propagate. Despite the importance of this stage in animal reproduction, little is known regarding the physiological factors that regulate and/or accompany puberty in several vertebrate groups including elasmobranchs. To address the need for such(More)
The male bonnethead shark, Sphyrna tiburo, undergoes an annual cycle of spermatogenesis and testicular regression and recrudescence. In southwestern Florida populations, testicular development and spermatogenesis begin in late spring and peak in late summer, with mating not taking place until about 2 months after the peak. Steroid hormones, some of which(More)
Spirorchiid trematodes are implicated as an important cause of stranding and mortality in sea turtles worldwide. However, the impact of these parasites on sea turtle health is poorly understood due to biases in study populations and limited or missing data for some host species and regions, including the southeastern United States. We examined necropsy(More)
Viral metagenomics, consisting of viral particle purification and shotgun sequencing, is a powerful technique for discovering viruses associated with diseases with no definitive etiology, viruses that share limited homology with known viruses, or viruses that are not culturable. Here we used viral metagenomics to examine viruses associated with sea turtle(More)
To examine variation in diet and daily ration of the bonnethead shark, Sphyrna tiburo (Linnaeus 1758), animals were collected from three areas in the eastern Gulf of Mexico: northwest Florida (*29 400N, 85 130W), Tampa Bay near Anclote Key (*28 100N, 82 42.50W), and Florida Bay (*24 500N, 80 480W) from March through September, 1998–2000. In each area, diet(More)
Beginning in October 2000, subadult loggerhead sea turtles Caretta caretta showing clinical signs of a neurological disorder were found in waters off south Florida, USA. Histopathology indicated generalized and neurologic spirorchiidiasis. In loggerhead sea turtles (LST) with neurospirorchiidiasis, adult trematodes were found in the meninges of the brain(More)
Because of their persistence in aquatic environments and ability to impair reproduction and other critical physiological processes, organochlorine (OC) contaminants pose significant health risks to marine organisms. Despite such concerns, few studies have investigated levels of OC exposure in sharks, which are fish particularly threatened by anthropogenic(More)