Charles A. Lesch

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OBJECTIVE To characterize the clinical and histopathologic changes in a rat model of broad-spectrum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-induced musculoskeletal syndrome (MSS), and to facilitate research into the causes and treatments of MSS in humans. METHODS Male Lewis rats weighing 150-180 gm were administered 10-30 mg of the broad-spectrum MMP inhibitor(More)
Specimens from four regions of oral mucosa (palate, buccal mucosa, lateral border of the tongue, and the floor of the mouth) and of abdominal skin were taken from 58 individuals at autopsy, for determination of permeability constants (Kp) to tritium-labeled water. Comparisons between fresh specimens and those stored at -80 degrees C revealed no significant(More)
The effect of BPC-15 (Booly Protection Compound-15) was evaluated in a rat model of colonic injury. A single intracolonic administration of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) dissolved in ethanol induces severe colonic damage, which is characterized by areas of necrosis surrounded by areas of acute inflammation. The damage is associated with high(More)
Expression of the COX-2 enzyme has been reported in animal models of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as well as in patients affected by ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Recently, selective inhibitors of COX-2 have become available. In this study we have evaluated three highly selective COX-2 inhibitors, NS-398, SC-58125 and PD-138387, on the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mechanism by which gastric mucosa becomes more resistant to damage by repeated aspirin administration is not known. Transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) prevent drug-induced gastric injury. The aim of this study was to determine whether gastroduodenal tissue levels of TGF-alpha and EGF protein(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs often cause development of significant GI lesions. Selective inhibitors of prostaglandin G/H synthase/cyclooxygenase-2 (PGHS-2) enzyme and some dual inhibitors of PGHS/5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) enzymes have been reported to be potent anti-inflammatory compounds that carry a much lower risk of having GI irritating effects. We(More)
Primary macrophages from the peritoneal cavities of mice are commonly used ex vivo to produce inflammatory cytokines and test anti-inflammatory agents. Although approximately 1 million peritoneal macrophages can be obtained from an untreated mouse, more than twice that number can be collected 48 to 72 h after intraperitoneal injection of sterile inducing(More)
The permeability of skin and oral mucosa to various compounds has been measured but the actual pathways substances take in traversing the epithelia have not been identified. In this study, radiolabelled cholesterol, ethanol or water were placed on the surface of porcine skin, keratinized gingiva, or nonkeratinized floor of mouth mucosa, and incubated at 37(More)
Junctional adhesion molecule-C (JAM-C) is an adhesion molecule expressed by endothelial cells (ECs) that plays a role in tight junction formation, leukocyte adhesion, and transendothelial migration. In the current study, we investigated whether JAM-C is found in soluble form and whether soluble JAM-C (sJAM-C) mediates angiogenesis. We found that JAM-C is(More)
The effect of transforming growth factor-alpha was studied in histamine-stimulated gastric acid secretion in monkeys and in pylorus-ligated rats. In monkeys, transforming growth factor-alpha given intravenously in a stepwise manner gradually reduced gastric acid secretion. A dose of 0.1 mmol/kg induced about a 50% inhibition of gastric acid output, while(More)