Charles A. Laughton

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It is well recognized that base sequence exerts a significant influence on the properties of DNA and plays a significant role in protein-DNA interactions vital for cellular processes. Understanding and predicting base sequence effects requires an extensive structural and dynamic dataset which is currently unavailable from experiment. A consortium of(More)
We present the results of microsecond molecular dynamics simulations carried out by the ABC group of laboratories on a set of B-DNA oligomers containing the 136 distinct tetranucleotide base sequences. We demonstrate that the resulting trajectories have extensively sampled the conformational space accessible to B-DNA at room temperature. We confirm that(More)
Although DNA is frequently bent and supercoiled in the cell, much of the available information on DNA structure at the atomistic level is restricted to short linear sequences. We report atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of a series of DNA minicircles containing between 65 and 110 bp which we compare with a recent biochemical study of structural(More)
We have investigated the effects of duplex length, sequence, salt concentration and superhelical density on the conformation of DNA nanocircles containing up to 178 base pairs using atomistic molecular dynamics simulation. These calculations reveal that the partitioning of twist and writhe is governed by a delicate balance of competing energetic terms. We(More)
We explore here the possibility of determining theoretically the free energy change associated with large conformational transitions in DNA, like the solvent-induced B<-->A conformational change. We find that a combination of targeted molecular dynamics (tMD) and the weighted histogram analysis method (WHAM) can be used to trace this transition in both(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of membrane-embedded G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) have rapidly gained popularity among the molecular simulation community in recent years, a trend which has an obvious link to the tremendous pharmaceutical importance of this group of receptors and the increasing availability of crystal structures. In view of the(More)
We present parmbsc1, a force field for DNA atomistic simulation, which has been parameterized from high-level quantum mechanical data and tested for nearly 100 systems (representing a total simulation time of ∼ 140 μs) covering most of DNA structural space. Parmbsc1 provides high-quality results in diverse systems. Parameters and trajectories are available(More)
We present here the first application of a new algorithm, essential dynamics/molecular dynamics (ED/MD), to the field of small molecule docking. The method uses a previously existing molecular dynamics (MD) ensemble of a protein or protein-drug complex to generate, with a very small computational cost, perturbed ensembles which represent ligand-induced(More)
Bacillus subtilis has two replicative DNA polymerases. PolC is a processive high-fidelity replicative polymerase, while the error-prone DnaEBs extends RNA primers before hand-off to PolC at the lagging strand. We show that DnaEBs interacts with the replicative helicase DnaC and primase DnaG in a ternary complex. We characterize their activities and analyse(More)
—For many macromolecular systems the accurate sampling of the relevant regions on the potential energy surface cannot be obtained by a single, long Molecular Dynamics (MD) trajectory. New approaches are required to promote more efficient sampling. We present the design and implementation of the Extensible Toolkit for Advanced Sampling and analYsis (Ex-TASY)(More)